Online Encyclopedia of Silver Marks, Hallmarks & Makers' Marks
|In 1884 a law was enacted making .800 the minimum national standard for silver in Germany. In 1886 the use of individual city marks was abolished and replaced by the national mark (reichsmark) of a crescent moon & crown mark (Halbmond und Krone) representing the entire German state. These marks became compulsory by 1888.
The crown & crescent moon are used in conjunction with a maker's mark and a decimal silver standard mark.
Common silver standards are .800 & .835 __ .830, .900, .925 and .935 purities are also used.
(1884-1960) active in his own workshop from 1931
influential teacher and craftsman
active from 1951
successor to Karl Kaltenbach & Söhne, also absorbed the Otto Kaltenbach firm in 1967. Currently Auerhahn is a division of WMF.
1 & 2. Mark used 1895 - 1917
3. Mark used from 1917 until closure in 1962.
The firm name remained Franz Bahner, although the company had been acquired by Mansfelder Silber and the mark changed to "MS"
|Karl Johann Bauer|
jeweler working in the Jugendstil style, also used a 'KJB in beaded oval' mark
acquired by Gayer & Krauss c.1968
Active ca.1900 - 1940
active from c.1950
active c.1900 - c.1940
|Breidenstein & Renaud|
1889 - c.1920s
1905 - 1981
|Bruckmann & Söhne|
1805 - 1973
Peter Bruckmann (1865-1937) was the first chairman of the Deutscher Werkbund (founded 1907) and the Bruckmann firm produced many pieces by leading German designers.
|BSF (Bremer Silberwarenfabrik)|
Division of Wilkens since 1981, specializing
in modern design flatware.
handwrought holloware, primarily in pewter, copper & brass, some silver
|Clarfeld & Springmeyer|
Primarily flatware, both in silver & silverplate. In the early 20th century; Henry van de Velde, Josef Maria Olbrich and Ernst Riegel produced designs for the firm.
active late 19th/20th C.
|August Dingeldein & Son|
Active ca. 1920's - 1940's
worked in the "Antique" style, known to have used pseudomarks.
Active ca. 1870's - 1930's
worked in the "Antique" style, often used pseudomarks.
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