Online Encyclopedia of Silver Marks, Hallmarks & Makers' Marks
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Silver Marks ~ Germany ~ Before 1886

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Assay marks for silver purity found on German and Prussian silver of the 18th & 19th centuries.

The Lot system divided silver into 16 parts
16/16 = pure silver     •     15 lot =.937 14 lot =.875 13 lot =.812 12 lot =.750
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German City Marks ~ Before 1886

A • B           B • F           F • H           I • M           M • S           S • Z
German
Hallmarks

Post-1886
The Arms of a city often reflected the imagery used in its town mark, where this was the case, an image of the city's arms is included for comparison.


Aachen Town MarkAachen ArmsAachen Arms Aachen City Mark
North Rhine-Westphalia
The eagle came in various, but similar, shield cartouches, the letter "S" above "ach" is the assayer's mark.
Altenberg Town Mark Altenburg City Mark
Thuringia
This mark came in various cartouches in the 17th & 18th centuries. In the first half of the 17th C. a mark depicting a human hand was used.
Altona Town MarkAltona Arms Altona City Mark
Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg
Variations on this three tower mark used since early 18th cent. Altona's mark is similar to the Hamburg mark, but usually with conical towers. It sometimes has a letter (indicating assayer) within the gate. Altona is now a part of the city of Hamburg.
Ansbach Town Mark Ansbach City Mark
Bavaria
16th - 18th centuries
Arolsen Town Mark Arolsen City Mark
Hesse
19th century
Aschaffenburg Town Mark Aschaffenburg City Mark
Bavaria
18th century                            
Augsburg Town MarkAugsbergTown MarkAugsburg  Arms Augsburg City Mark
Bavaria
Beginning in 1734, a letter
was added below the pyr (pine cone) to indicate the date.
Bautzen Town Mark Bautzen City Mark
Saxony
19th century                            
Bemberg Town MarkBamberg Town Mark Bamberg City Mark
Bavaria
Variations on the letter B were used from the 17th century through the 19th century, sometimes including a Loth number. Also used was shield cartouche containing a lion rampant with a diagonal slash across it. Bottom example could be either Bamberg or Bützow.
Berlin Town MarkBerlin Town MarkBerlin Arms Berlin City Mark
Brandenburg
About 1745, a letter (indicating the assayer) was added within the standing bear's circle. Beginning in 1818 a separate letter mark was added to indicate the secondary assayer - this will appear in addition to the primary assayer's letter within the bear mark.
Bremen Town MarkBremen Town MarkBremen Arms
Bremen City Mark
Freie Hansestadt Bremen
The key is sometimes seen in a shield shaped cartouche.
Breslau Town MarkBreslau Arms
Breslau City Mark
Prussia
Variations on this face were used from the 17th century through the 19th century, sometimes with Loth standard number. In the 19th century 2 digit date letters were added below. Breslau is now Wroclaw, Poland
Related Pages at 925-1000.com:
German Hallmarks after-1886
Hanau Pseudo-Marks
Hamburg Makers' Marks
World Hallmarks
British Hallmarks Explained
Dutch Hallmarks
French Hallmarks
Austrian Hallmarks
Swedish Hallmarks
Finnish Hallmarks
Norwegian Makers
David-Andersen Marks
Georg Jensen Marks
Mexican Silver Marks

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