Online Encyclopedia of Silver Marks, Hallmarks & Makers' Marks
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GUIDE TO WORLD HALLMARKS

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World Hallmarks Overview
Index of Nations

A - E                   E - I                   J - U

Australian Hallmarks


Australian Silver Marks


Australia

late 19th & 20th Century

Silver standard indicated by "Sterling Silver" or any combination of abbreviations. Usually accompanied by an initial maker's mark, sometimes with pseudomarks.

Austro-Hungarian Hallmarks Austria-Hungary

left ~ 18th Cent. The 13 indicates silver purity, 13/16 lothig or .813, year 1753

right ~ 19th Cent. until 1866. The letter at top indicates town, A = Vienna, year 1857

Austrian Hallmarks Austria-Hungary


Austro-Hungarian Hallmarks
1866-1922

Austrian Silver Marks

Austrian Hallmarks
Austria


Austrian Hallmarks
after 1922

Belgian HallmarksBelgian Silver Marks


Belgium HallmarksBelgium Silver Marks


Belgique Poincons
Belgium

top left ~ 1831 - 1868, Second standard mark for .800 silver. First standard mark was a Lyre.

top right & center row ~ 1868 - 1942, Unofficial Standard marks, hallmarking was not compulsory. Official standard marks were A1 for .900 and A2for .800, both in a Gothic font.

bottom ~ from 1942 - Standard mark, must be accompanied by a makers mark in barrel form lozenge.

Canadian Hallmarks Silver Canada
from 1946

925 standard minimum, usually with "Sterling" or "Silver" and a maker's mark.

Canadian Makers' Marks


Chinese silver marks China

Chinese Export
Silver Marks


Czech Republic hallmarks
Czech Republic
Marks in current use.


Czechoslovakian hallmarksCzechoslovakian hallmarks

Czechoslovakian hallmarks

Czechoslovakian silver marksCzechoslovakian silver marks
Czechoslovakia

top ~ 1922 -1929, numeral indicates fineness
4 =.750, 3 =.800, 2 =.900 1 =.950

middle ~ 1929 -1942
5 =.800, 4 =.835, 3 =.900, 2 =.925 1 =.959

bottom ~ 1942 -194? (Bohemia & Moravia)
5 =.800, 4 =.835, 3 =.900, 2 =.925 1 =.959

Dansk Hallmarks Denmark
1888 - Present



Danish Assay & Maker's Marks

Egyptian Hallmarks


Egypt
1906 - Present

left: Assay, indicates city of assay and silver standard of .900, .800 or .700

center: National mark, the 'Cat' figure was replaced by the 'Lotus Flower' in 1946

right: Date letter, the Roman letters were replaced with Arabic letters in 1940




England

top ~ (leopard's head) town mark for London.

bottom ~ (anchor) town mark for Birmingham.

British Hallmarks

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Related Pages at 925-1000.com:
British Hallmarks
Austrian Hallmarks
Dutch Hallmarks
Finnish Hallmarks & Makers
French Hallmarks & Makers
German Hallmarks

Russian Hallmarks
Italian Marks from 1872
Swedish Hallmarks
Danish Hallmarks
Norwegian Makers
David-Andersen Marks

Georg Jensen Marks
Yogya Silver
Mexican Marks & Makers
Chinese Export Marks
American Silver Marks
Silverplate Trademarks

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