Online Encyclopedia of Silver Marks, Hallmarks & Makers' Marks
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GUIDE TO WORLD HALLMARKS

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World Hallmarks Overview
Index of Nations

A - E                   E - I                   J - U

Australian Hallmarks


Australian Silver Marks


Australia

late 19th & 20th Century

Silver standard indicated by "Sterling Silver" or any combination of abbreviations. Usually accompanied by an initial maker's mark, sometimes with pseudomarks.

Austro-Hungarian Hallmarks Austria-Hungary

left ~ 18th Cent. The 13 indicates silver purity, 13/16 lothig or .813, year 1753

right ~ 19th Cent. until 1866. The letter at top indicates town, A = Vienna, year 1857

Austrian Hallmarks Austria-Hungary


Austro-Hungarian Hallmarks
1866-1922

Austrian Silver Marks

Austrian Hallmarks
Austria


Austrian Hallmarks
after 1922

Belgian HallmarksBelgian Silver Marks


Belgium HallmarksBelgium Silver Marks


Belgique Poincons
Belgium

top left ~ 1831 - 1868, Second standard mark for .800 silver. First standard mark was a Lyre.

top right & center row ~ 1868 - 1942, Unofficial Standard marks, hallmarking was not compulsory. Official standard marks were A1 for .900 and A2for .800, both in a Gothic font.

bottom ~ from 1942 - Standard mark, must be accompanied by a makers mark in barrel form lozenge.



Canadian Hallmarks Silver Canada
from 1946

925 standard minimum, usually with "Sterling" or "Silver" and a maker's mark.


Chinese silver marks China

Chinese Export
Silver Marks


Czech Republic hallmarks
Czech Republic
Marks in current use.


Czechoslovakian hallmarksCzechoslovakian hallmarks

Czechoslovakian hallmarks

Czechoslovakian silver marksCzechoslovakian silver marks
Czechoslovakia

top ~ 1922 -1929, numeral indicates fineness
4 =.750, 3 =.800, 2 =.900 1 =.950

middle ~ 1929 -1942
5 =.800, 4 =.835, 3 =.900, 2 =.925 1 =.959

bottom ~ 1942 -194? (Bohemia & Moravia)
5 =.800, 4 =.835, 3 =.900, 2 =.925 1 =.959

Dansk Hallmarks Denmark
1888 - Present



Danish Assay & Maker's Marks

Egyptian Hallmarks


Egypt
1906 - Present

left: Assay, indicates city of assay and silver standard of .900, .800 or .700

center: National mark, the 'Cat' figure was replaced by the 'Lotus Flower' in 1946

right: Date letter, the Roman letters were replaced with Arabic letters in 1940




England

top ~ (leopard's head) town mark for London.

bottom ~ (anchor) town mark for Birmingham.

British Hallmarks

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Related Pages at 925-1000.com:
British Hallmarks
Austrian Hallmarks
Dutch Hallmarks
Finnish Hallmarks & Makers
French Hallmarks & Makers
German Hallmarks

Russian Hallmarks
Italian Marks from 1872
Swedish Hallmarks
Danish Hallmarks
Norwegian Makers
David-Andersen Marks

Georg Jensen Marks
Yogya Silver
Mexican Marks & Makers
Chinese Export Marks
American Silver Marks
Silverplate Trademarks

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