Online Encyclopedia of Silver Marks, Hallmarks & Makers' Marks
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Hamburg Makers' Marks ~ 19th Century

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Hamburg Silver Marks

In 1688, the Hamburg goldsmiths' guild began the tradition of using a letter within the arch below the three towers of the town mark to identify the Assay Master or Altermann. There were four assay masters serving at any given time, although the letters were used sequentially, as the post appointment was for life and term lengths varied, this letter system appears to be non-sequential by the 18th century.

In 1820, an additional mark came into use. The "concession mark", unique to Hamburg, was a numerical mark in a lozenge cartouche . Concessionaires were not a members of the guild, but had the permission of the guild to work in Hamburg as independent makers with severely limited rights; they could only mark their work with their numerical lozenge mark, they could not employ more that 3 workers, and their output could be sold only to masters of the Hamburg guild. Thusly, their work would reach the market with both the Hamburg town mark and the mark of a Hamburg master.

The Hamburg guild was dissolved in 1865, a transitional marking period existed before the German national system came into full force in the mid-1880s.
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Firm & Period Maker's Mark Assay Master Comments
David Peter Hermann Baumann
(1803-after 1864)
active 1833-after 1864
Jacob N. W. Schaeffer
A
1828-1851
Concession 56 for C. H. F. Peters
Ernst Martin Wilhelm Bielenberg
(1772-1854)
active 1797-1854
Johann Heinrich Zell
V
1816-1826
Johann Friedrich Brahmfeld
(1790-1852)
active 1816-1852
Friedrich Christoph Greve
C
1829-1854
Brahmfeld & Gutruf
1842-present
Friedrich Christoph Greve
C
1829-1854
Founded by Johann Friedrich Brahmfeld with Johann Georg Gutruf

Concession 73 for Friedrich Johann Heinrich Lange 1848- 1865.
Johann Andreas Hölbeling
active c.1791-c.1828
Jacob N. W. Schaeffer
A
1828-1851
Christopher Bernhard Hues
1802-1840
Johann Schneider
R
1799-1808
Johann Heinrich Albrecht Janssen
1861-1870
Johann H. J. Wienicke
F
1857-1865
The assayer or altermann Wienicke use both E & F.
E. Koeh
Johann H. J. Wienicke
F
1857-1865
Koeh is an undocumented maker.
August Conradt Kohlmes II
(attributed)
Matthias Ernst Danckert
Z
1749-1758
Kohlmes II became master 1733, died by 1803.
Heinrich Friedrich Krumstroh
1813-1876
Johann H. J. Wienicke
E or F
1857-1865
Krumstroh was master from 1842.
Johann Diedrich Laué
1808-1824
A. F. Lammatsch
T
1811-1828
Son of, and apprentice to, Johann Gottlieb Laué.
Johann Friedrich August Noack
1815-1856
Heinrich Leonhard Möller
U
Johann Friedrich August Noack
1815-1856
Friedrich Christoph Greve
C
1829-1854
Johann Friedrich August Noack
1815-1856
Ernst Friedrich Franck
B
1829-1857
C. H. F. Peters
active 1835-1844
Jacob N. W. Schaeffer
A
1828-1851
Concession 56 for Peters, M & Co. is the retailer's mark.
Friedrich Peters
(1812-?)
active 1841-c.1877
Ernst Friedrich Franck
B
1829-1857
Concession 21 is for Hans Nicolaus Nehlsen, c.1839- 1844
Heinrich Anthon Schauenburg
active 1816-1857
Jacob N. W. Schaeffer
A
1828-1851
Isaak Beehr Siemon
Johann H. J. Wienicke
F
1858-1865
A Danish silversmith, Siemon was not a member of the Hamburg Guild, but was granted the right to practice there in 1858.
Johann Heinrich Friedrich Simmerlund
1807-1869
Ernst Friedrich Franck
B
1829-1857
Simmerlund acquired a trade concession in 1838.
Related Pages at 925-1000.com:
German Hallmarks after-1886
Hanau Pseudo-Marks
Hamburg Makers' Marks
World Hallmarks
British Hallmarks Explained
Dutch Hallmarks
French Hallmarks
Austrian Hallmarks
Swedish Hallmarks
Finnish Hallmarks
Norwegian Makers
David-Andersen Marks
Georg Jensen Marks
Mexican Silver Marks

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