Joseph Jennens & Co. - Military Accoutrement Maker

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dognose
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Joseph Jennens & Co. - Military Accoutrement Maker

Postby dognose » Fri Feb 04, 2011 1:57 pm

The history of Joseph Jennens & Co. can be traced back to the button and military ornament maker, Charles Jennens, who was noted as being in business at 316, Oxford Street, London in 1807. During the course of the ninteenth century they were styled in a variety of titles, but always featuring the name Jennens.

They entered a mark at the London Assay Office as Jennens & Co., 134, Regent Street, London in 1840, the mark being entered by Thomas Jennens. By 1844 they were trading from 56, Conduit Street and were holders of a Royal Warrant.

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They produced much of their work from the Deritend Button Works, 2, Bridge Row, High Street, Deritend, Birmingham, and it was at the Birmingham Assay Office that a vast majority of their wares was marked.

The first marks were entered at the BAO was on the 12th December 1827 from the Deritend address. The name of the business being entered as Joseph Jennens & Co. Further marks were entered at the BAO in 1837, 1882, 1884 and 1885.

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Jennens & Co. were entrants at the Great Exhibition in 1851 with 'Specimens of military officers' cap-plates, breast-plates, and buttons; and naval, fancy, and livery buttons'.

They became a limited liabilty company in c.1914.

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The exsistance of Jennens & Co. Ltd ended in 1924 when they were wound up by the compulsory liquidation of the Firm, upon a petition made by Firmin & Sons, one of their creditors, who were also in the same line of business. Jennens & Co.Ltd. was purchased by the badge manufacturers, J R Gaunt & Son, from the Official Receiver, for the sum £4,500. J R Gaunt & Son (John Richard Gaunt and his son, Charles Frederick Gaunt), who were founded c.1884, purchased this business along with several others in the same line, including, Bent & Parker and Twigg & Co.. J R Gaunt & Son continued to mark their products 'J R Gaunt & Son, late Jennens' for many years, such was the reputation of Jennens.

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dognose
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Re: Joseph Jennens & Co. - Military Accoutrement Maker

Postby dognose » Fri Feb 04, 2011 3:37 pm

An example of the work of Joseph Jennens & Co.

An officer's belt with silver embellishments hallmarked at Birmingham in 1896 and 1897. The size of the belt is 37" (94cm) in length and 2 1/4" (5.5cm) in width. The trefoil makers marks is that of Joseph Jennens & Co. It was entered at Birmingham on the 7th December 1885.

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[img]http://www.925-1000.com/td/f/Military/Jennens-11.jpg{/img]

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Photos courtesy of Ed Gates

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buckler
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Re: Joseph Jennens & Co. - Military Accoutrement Maker

Postby buckler » Sat Feb 05, 2011 5:05 pm

For anyone wondering what the two chained dart-like objects on the crossbelt are.

According to the BBC "Going for a Song" program these were for clearing the touchholes of cavalrymen's pistols. The chain was to prevent them being lost in the heat of action.
However another source states "the original purpose of the silver "Prickers" was a functional and vital one. Only Light Cavalry regiments have them and they were used to disable the enemy guns once the enemy position was over run. Cavalry Officers wore them because they had to decide if it was tactically necessary to disable the guns they had captured. If it was, then a pricker would be jammed into the fuse hole of the cannon, hammered in, and then the top would be broken off the pricker. Therefore rendering the gun inoperable for the duration of the battle and until the "plug" could be taken out. The pricker plate is still worn by Cavalry Officers today as a visible sign of rank and as a reminder of its role in Cavalry history. "

dognose
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Re: Joseph Jennens & Co. - Military Accoutrement Maker

Postby dognose » Thu Jan 31, 2013 2:02 pm

MESSRS. JENNENS & CO., LTD.,
56, CONDUIT STREET, LONDON, W. and at BIRMINGHAM.


Among the specialised industries in which London has long enjoyed distinction, the manufacture of Army accoutrements is noteworthy. It is natural, no doubt, that the metropolis, as the seat of military and naval administration, should have taken the lead in this trade ; but the high standard of production maintained has also been a great factor in securing that lead, and has created business interests so extensive that London manufacturers of the class of goods referred to have important connections in the most distant markets, as well as at home. Messrs Jennens & Co., Ltd., of Conduit Street, command particular notice as one of the oldest and foremost firms specialising in metal work as applied to the details of Army and Navy uniforms and equipments, their name being associated with work of the highest order in the manufacture of metal helmets and of all kinds of metal badges, buttons, etc., for military purposes. The history of this representative house covers a period of more than a century and a half, and it is of interest to note that the business has been uninterruptedly continued by the same family since its inception, the present directors being descendants of Mr. Charles Jeimens, who founded it in 1760. On May 16th, 1912, the firm became incorporated as a limited company, with a Board consisting of Mr. William Jennens, Mr. Lionel K. Jennens, and Mr. Keith Jennens, under whose personal direction all matters of management and working routine receive the same careful and experienced attention as heretofore. Facilities of production upon an extensive scale have been rendered necessary by the continuous growth of the business during so many years, and this requirement is met by the company's factory at Birmingham, where, as will be readily understood, metal-working operations such as Messrs. Jennens & Co., Ltd., are engaged in can be conducted under the most favourable conditions. Besides metal helmets of all the regulation patterns for the military service, this firm's manufactures include the following : cavalry pouches, belt ornaments, helmet fittings, pugri badges, cap badges, collar badges, shoulder titles, shoulder chains, whistles, bridle bosses, bridle buckles, menu stands, programme desks, and all descriptions of metal buttons. The range of work turned out in the button department is remarkable, embracing not only all military and naval requirements in this line, but also those of the diplomatic and consular services, together with buttons for Court dress, hunting, yachting and golfing attire. Highland costume, Liveries, and fancy dress. It is a proof of the fine organisation of the business that any badge worn in the British Army since 1799 can be reproduced by the firm, even though the client asking for the same cannot furnish an original pattern. Throughout the United Kingdom, Messrs. Jennens & Co.'s connections are of old standing, while their oversea relations have steadily increased in importance, and are particularly well established in India, Australia, South Africa and America. They are Army and Navy Contractors; and they hold the Royal Warrant of Appointment to His Majesty the King, having also been similarly honoured by the Prince Regent, the Duke of Kent, Queen Victoria, and King Edward VII. Telephone : Mayfair 36. Telegrams : " Milorman, Reg, London."


Source: The Business World - 1914

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dognose
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Re: Joseph Jennens & Co. - Military Accoutrement Maker

Postby dognose » Sun Feb 24, 2013 5:21 am

HIGH WAR PROFITS

A Military Supply Company in Liquidation

In the compulsory liquidation of Jennens and Co (Ltd.) manufacturers of military ornaments and buttons of Birmingham and London the Official Receiver observes in the report now issued to the creditors and shareholders that the managing director attributes the company's failure to falling off of its trade after the end of the war, to the unexpected delay in restoring full dress uniform to the Army, and to the non-adaptability of its plant for other manufacturers. Large profits were made during the war, and in 1915 and 1916 a dividend of 50 per cent was paid on the Ordinary shares. In 1917 the dividend was 20 per cent. After the war, however, heavy losses were incurred: these amounted to £18,485 in the years 1919-23 inclusive. The statement of the company's affairs estimated net assets £1,331. After discharging loans on debenture bonds, £6,000 and paying a preferential creditor for £80 a total deficiency of £15,371 is disclosed with regard to the shareholders. The Official Receiver remarks that he is inclined to the opinion that but for the payment off by the company of £6,000 first debentures and the declaration of unduly large dividends during the period of abnormal prosperity the company's business might have been preserved. The liquidation remains in the hands of the Official Receiver.


Source: The Times - 9th January 1925

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dognose
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Re: Joseph Jennens & Co. - Military Accoutrement Maker

Postby dognose » Sat Jun 03, 2017 10:31 am

An officers dress whistle by Joseph Jennens & Co., assayed at Birmingham in 1871:

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J.&Co. - Birmingham - 1871

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J.&Co. - Birmingham - 1871

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dognose
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Re: Joseph Jennens & Co. - Military Accoutrement Maker

Postby dognose » Sun Sep 30, 2018 10:01 am

A buckle by Joseph Jennens & Co., assayed at Birmingham in 1907:

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J.&Co - Birmingham - 1907

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Re: Joseph Jennens & Co. - Military Accoutrement Maker

Postby dognose » Fri Mar 08, 2019 3:05 pm

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Jennens & Co. Ltd. - London - 1921

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Re: Joseph Jennens & Co. - Military Accoutrement Maker

Postby dognose » Sat Apr 27, 2019 11:55 am

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Jennens & Co. - London - 1912

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Jennens & Co. - London - 1912

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Jennens & Co. - London - 1912

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Jennens & Co. - London - 1912

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