Online Encyclopedia of Silver Marks, Hallmarks & Makers' Marks
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Silver Marks ~ Germany ~ Before 1886

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Assay marks for silver purity found on German and Prussian silver of the 18th & 19th centuries.

The Lot system divided silver into 16 parts
16/16 = pure silver     •     15 lot =.937 14 lot =.875 13 lot =.812 12 lot =.750
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German City Marks ~ Before 1886

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The Arms of a city often reflected the imagery used in its town mark, where this was the case, an image of the city's arms is included for comparison.

Munich Town Markmunich Arms Munich City Mark (München)
The figure of a monk was used, in one form or another, from the 17th century through the late 19th century, date numerals began in the mid 18th century.
Munster Silver Markmunster Arms Münster City Mark
The mark represents a shield bisected by a horizontal ladder.
Neustadt Town MarkNeustadt Town Mark Neustadt am Rübenberge City Mark
Hanover District, Lower Saxony
The mark is very similar to and easily confused with that of Braunschweig (Brunswick).
Norden Town MarkNorden Town Marknorden Arms Norden City Mark
Lower Saxony
The mark is seen with five, six & seven pointed stars.
Nurnberg Town Mark Nurnberg City Mark (Nuremburg)
Beginning in the 1760's, a date letter was used, but as a separate stamp from the city mark.
Osnabruck Wheel MarkOsnabruck town silver mark Osnabrück City Mark (Nuremburg)
Lower Saxony
The wheel was used from the 17th C. onwards. Similar to Mainz mark
Posen Town Mark

posen Arms
Posen City Mark
Posen city marks with year numbers can be found as early as 1780 and as late as 1834. Earlier examples are without date or crown. Posen is now Poznan in Poland
Prenzlau Town MarkPrenzlau Arms Prenzlau City Mark
Eagle with helmet.                            
Prussia MarkPrussia Mark Kingdom of Prussia
Tax mark, used between 1809 and 1812, initials stand for King Friedrich Wilhelm.
Prussian Eagle Mark Kingdom of Prussia
Tax mark, used between 1809 and 1812 to indicate object was tax exempt.
Rostock Town Mark Rostock City Mark
Late sixteenth through mid seventeenth century.
Saalfeld HallmarkSaalfeld Arms Saalfeld City Mark
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Related Pages at
German Hallmarks after-1886
Hanau Pseudo-Marks
Hamburg Makers' Marks
World Hallmarks
British Hallmarks Explained
Dutch Hallmarks
French Hallmarks
Austrian Hallmarks
Swedish Hallmarks
Finnish Hallmarks
Norwegian Makers
David-Andersen Marks
Georg Jensen Marks
Mexican Silver Marks

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