Online Encyclopedia of Silver Marks, Hallmarks & Makers' Marks
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Silver Marks ~ Germany ~ Before 1886

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Assay marks for silver purity found on German and Prussian silver of the 18th & 19th centuries.

The Lot system divided silver into 16 parts
16/16 = pure silver     •     15 lot =.937 14 lot =.875 13 lot =.812 12 lot =.750
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German City Marks ~ Before 1886

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The Arms of a city often reflected the imagery used in its town mark, where this was the case, an image of the city's arms is included for comparison.

Freiberg Town Mark Freiberg City Mark
latter 18th and 19th centuries
Furth Town Silver Mark

Fürth City Mark
19th century examples
Giessen Town Mark Arms Gießen City Mark
Gluckstadt Town Mark Glückstadt City Mark
The figure represents "Fortuna".
Goerlitz Town Mark Goerlitz City Mark
Sometimes seen with a "12" included above the crown.
Greiffenberg Town MarkGreiffenberg Town MarkGreiffenberg Arms Greiffenberg City Mark
As well as Greiffenberg (Gryfów S'laski) in Silesia, a number towns in the Pomerania region of Germany, including Stargard and Greifswald, also used a griffin mark.
Halberstadt Town Mark Halberstadt City Mark
The device is a cramp-iron, the city also used annual date letters.
HamburgTown Mark

HamburgTown Mark Arms
Hamburg City Marks
19th Century

Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg
The three tower and gate mark was used from the 17th C. and was rendered within of a shield form until the late 18th cent.

Hamburg Makers' Marks
Hanau Town Mark Arms Hanau City Mark
Seen with or without the loth number above the chevrons. Beginning in the mid 19th Century, hallmarking rules were rescinded and many Hanau silversmiths used antique looking 'fantasy' marks.
Hanover Town Markhanover Arms Hanover City Mark
Lower Saxony
17th cent. examples had two digit date numerals below flower. Later, without numerals until mid 18th century when, as in this example, loth standard number was added below the flower.
HeilbronnTown Markheilbronn Arms Heilbronn City Mark
Earlier examples lacked a surrounding cartouche, later with a rectangular cartouche. Similar to Frankfurt's mark.
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Related Pages at
German Hallmarks after-1886
Hanau Pseudo-Marks
Hamburg Makers' Marks
World Hallmarks
British Hallmarks Explained
Dutch Hallmarks
French Hallmarks
Austrian Hallmarks
Swedish Hallmarks
Finnish Hallmarks
Norwegian Makers
David-Andersen Marks
Georg Jensen Marks
Mexican Silver Marks

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