The earliest attestation of the term is in Old French form esterlin, in a charter of the abbey of PrÃ©aux, dating to either 1085 or 1104. The english chronicler Orderic Vitalis (1075 - c. 1142) uses the Latin forms librÃ¦ sterilensium and librÃ¦ sterilensis monetÃ¦. The word in origin refers to the newly introduced Norman silver penny.
The most plausible etymology is derivation from a late Old English *steorling "[coin] with a star", as some early Norman pennies were imprinted with a small star.
There are a number of obsolete hypotheses. One suggests a connection with starling, and another supposed connection with easterling, a term for natives of the Baltic or the Hanse towns of eastern Germany. This etymology is itself medieval, suggested by Walter de Pinchebek (ca. 1300) with the explanation that the coin was originally made by moneyers from that region (Oxford English Dictionary).
2209patrick wrote:Hi Trev.
That's all I have on the Silversmiths Guild of Evanston.
Here's some information on Cellini.
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