Dutch silver original maker's mark project

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Dutch silver original maker's mark project

Postby oel » Thu May 03, 2012 8:00 am

Dutch silver original maker’s mark project.

Ref:
Elias Voet, Jr., Nederlands Goud- & Zilvermerken,
Karel A. Citroen, Dutch Goldsmiths' and Silversmiths' Marks and Names prior to 1812,
Karel A. Citroen, Amsterdamse Zilversmeden en hun merken.
L.B. Gans goud-en zilvermerken van Voet
World Hallmarks Europe 19th to 21st centuries’
Waarborgholland, ‘Netherlands' Responsibility Marks since 1797’
Janjaap Luijt, Het zilver Lexicon


Year letters of the Netherlands as of 1814
viewtopic.php?f=5&t=32028

Fa.(Firm) Moerkerk & Co
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M+C in oval for; Fa.(Firm) Moerkerk & Co also known as Th. & P. Moerkerk, Haarlem mark used 1923/1928

B. W van Eldik & A.F. van der Scheer or Hollandia Zilversmeden
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BWE conjoined monogram in double oval for; B. W van Eldik & A.F. van der Scheer also known as Hollandia Zilversmeden, Zutphen mark used 1917/1950
Silversmith Company in Zutphen, founded in 1917 by Bernardus Warnerus van Eldik, decendant of a Zutphen family of silversmiths. The ‘Hollandia Zilversmederij’ maker’s mark BWE in two ovals, Hollandia produced a wide range of silverware, mainly in old Dutch style, ranging from teaspoons to bread baskets. The factory closed its doors in 1950

Zaanlandse Zilversmederijen n.v./b.v.
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A hammer between two Z for;Zaanlandse Zilversmederijen n.v./b.v., Haarlem & Amsterdam mark used 1920/1990
Zaanlandse Zilversmederij with outlets/workshops/factories in Amsterdam and later in Haarlem. They were famous for silver with Old Dutch scenes and silverware copies of older famous styles. Zaanlandse founded in 1875 by Gerardus Schoorl(1848-1915) in Zaandijk. Around the turn of the 19th century Antique Dutch silver was in high demand and Gerardus Schoorl became an active supplier. Zaanlandse Zilversmederij became famous for Old Dutch style silverware and turned into a family owned business. The Zaanlandse Zilversmederij ‘s factory closed its doors in 1973 and the company ceased to exist in 1990.
For more please see;
viewtopic.php?f=5&t=24875&p=60118#p60118"

Gerardus Schoorl
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G7S; Gerardus Schoorl registered in the cities of Zaandijk/Amsterdam & Haarlem date registered 1875/1914

C.A. Stout
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CS 3 (in rolling pin shaped frame) for; C.A. Stout, Rotterdam mark used 1961/2002. Lion Passant II for silver 835 fineness. Assay office mark with the letter D in its helmet for regional assay office of Rotterdam. Date letter S for 1978
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Re: Dutch silver original maker's mark project

Postby oel » Thu May 03, 2012 2:10 pm

Alle de Haas also known as Fa. (Firm) A. de Haas or Th. De Haas.

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AH 1 in a rectangle for; Alle de Haas also known as Fa. (Firm) A. de Haas or Th. De Haas, city of Sneek, mark used 1879/1966. His maker’s mark is often seen in combination with pseudo marks.


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AH above 1 in a square for; Alle de Haas also known as Fa. (Firm) A. de Haas or Th. De Haas, city of Sneek, mark used 1877/1966. His maker’s mark is often seen in combination with pseudo marks. From left to right; pseudo city mark for Amsterdam, pseudo standard mark and pseudo year letter.
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Re: Dutch silver original maker's mark project

Postby oel » Fri May 04, 2012 12:08 pm

Van Kempen & Zonen/Kempen & Begeer & Vos/Koninklijke Nederlandse Edelmetaalbedrijven/Nederlandse Fabrieken van Kempen en Begeer N.V Gerritsen & van Kempen n.v. Zeist

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B under 2 stars; C.L.J Begeer , Utrecht mark used 1904/1951

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C B above star; C. J.Begeer, Kon. Utrechtse Fabriek van Zilverwerk, Utrecht, mark used 1868/1920

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SBU; C.L.J. Begeer, Stichtse Fabriek van Goud en Zilverwerken, Utrecht, mark used 1932/1936

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Crowned B; Koninklijke Begeer b.v., Arteliers voor Edelsmeed en Penningkunst 1959- present


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V.K. within G or horseshoe, frame 2 conjoined vases for; Gerritsen & van Kempen n.v. Zeist around 1926/? (1961)

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K.B above V for Kempen & Begeer & Vos, Koninklijke Nederlandse Edelmetaalbedrijven, registered in the Dutch cities of ‘s Hertogenbosch, Utrecht and Voorschoten .Year used 1920-1931.


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VKB under a crown above crescent moon for Koninklijke (Royal) Nederlandse Fabrieken van Kempen en Begeer N.V. or Koninklijke van Kempen en Begeer, date entry 1961-present, city’s of Zeist & Voorschoten, Leiden en Zoetermeer.

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V above a cresent moon for; Zilverfabriek Voorschoten (Silverfactory Voorschoten), a subsidiary of Koninklijke Nederlandse Edelmetaal Bedrijven( Royal Dutch Precious Metals Companies). Mark used 1925/1961

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VK under crescent moon between two dots, is the maker’s mark for Firm J. M. van Kempen & Zonen, city of Voorschoten in the Netherlands, date entry 1858-1924.

http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koninklijk ... %26_Begeer"

History of Royal Van Kempen & Begeer

1789 Johannes van Kempen joins the master guild
and founds his company.

1858 Royal assignation the company of Johannus
van Kempen by King Willem III.

1851 BK cookware is founded.

1867 Partcipation at the World Exhibition in Paris.

1874 Participation at the World Exhibition in Vienna.

1912 Gero cutlery is founded.

1919 Merger to KNEB for; Koninklijke Nederlandse Edelmetaal Bedrijven van Kempen, Begeer & Vos. One of the five subsidiary
called
Zilverfabriek Voorschoten

1934 Keltum silver plated hollowware is founded, with its first collection being designed by Gustav Beran.

1960 Merger of bv Koninklijke van Kempen & Begeer.

1986 bv Koninklijke van Kempen & Begeer acquires Gero

1988 bv Koninklijke van Kempen & Begeer acquires BK

2004 Van Kempen & Begeer opens futuristic shop in Utrecht

2005 Establishment of RoyalVKB as international brand.
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History of Van Kempen
J. M. van Kempen (III)
Utrecht silversmith (1814-1877)


The name Van Kempen has long been a well known established ( household) name in the Dutch silver industry. This is mainly due to Johannes Mattheus (III) van Kempen (1814-1877), the first silver manufacturer to introduce modern production techniques in the Netherlands, to realise his dream of the mass production of silver and decorative objects. In 1858 the company moved from Utrecht to Voorschoten. In 1919 a merger took place with the firms of C.J . Begeer from Utrecht and Jac. Vos & Co. from Rotterdam. A few years later that merger initiated the departure of the Van Kempen from Voorschoten.

Johannes Mattheus van Kempen, joined in the footsteps of his father and grandfather both silversmiths. His grandfather was born in Utrecht in 1764, known as Johannes Mattheus van Kempen (I) and in 1789 admitted as master of the guild of silversmiths. His sons, Pieter Johannes (1790 - 1831) and Johannes Mattheus (II) (1792 - 1831) were also silversmith in Utrecht.

In 1834 Johannes Mattheus (III) (1814-1877) bought a modest shop at ‘Choorstraat’ in Utrecht.

He realised that factory made silver production would play an increasingly important role in modern society and it would play down the roll of the traditional handcraft gold smithing. Located at a large medieval building in Utrecht at the ‘Oude Gracht , which he bought in 1851, he ordered to build, a then very modern, steam engine. In this way he could with the help of an increasing number of well-trained employees, realize his dream: the modern way of producing cheaper, but good quality silver objects.

J. M. van Kempen wanted "pure of style" silver designs. In a brochure published in 1851, for the World Exhibition in London, Van Kempen discusses the five styles he used for his silverware: Greek, Gothic, Renaissance, Louis XIV and rocaille.


The main contribution of a Dutch silversmith at the first World's Fair, held in London in 1851, was that of the Utrecht silversmith J.M van Kempen. His entry consisted of five different objects in historical styles. Each style period represented with objects. In an accompanying letter Van Kempen explained that he had tried every style, as faithfully as possible, to interpret. The star of the exhibit was a jewelry box made by van Kempen which according to the silversmith 'exhibits characteristics of the Renaissance'.
Under Renaissance Van Kempen understood the style period introduced in the late 15th century in Italy and during the 16th and 17th century in France and England had celebrated triumphs. Like his contemporaries, Van Kempen did not distinguish between the early Italian Renaissance and the later French and English reaction thereof. Hence, in the decoration of the jewelry box motifs from both trends are recognisable: the little heads in the medallions go back to an invention by the Italian sculptor Lorenzo Ghiberti (1378-1442), while the scroll work with which the walls and the edges of the lid are decorated precisely characterises the last phase, which we now call Mannerism. Van Kempen appreciated in the Renaissance, especially the prominent ornamentation - the combination of surface ornament and sculptural elements.
The designer of the jewelry box, the painter and illustrator Gerardus Willem van Dokkum (1828-1903), succeeded to merge the past styles into a decidedly 19th-century object. In his design he took on more sculptural elements of his own invention. The most appealing is the dog on the cover, the dog as a guardian of the treasure jewelry. Under his front paw he holds an exact copy of the key to open the jewelry box.
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With three of his sons, Johannes Matheus is the founder and first director of the “Koninklijke Nederlandse Fabriek van Gouden en Zilveren werken J. M. van Kempen & Zonen te Vooschoten (Royal Dutch Factory Golden and Silver Works J. M. Kempen & Sons in Voorschoten). At the opening of the new factory in 1858 in Voorschoten the predicate "Royal" has been granted to the company. since the sixties of the nineteenth century, English craftsmen were attracted to introduce the latest techniques for producing spoons and forks and famous artists like Willem van Dokkum and Hendrik Jacobus Valk, but also several anonymous designers were responsible for the often surprisingly modern designs of the silver ware produced in Van Kempen's factory.

The increasing prosperity in the second half of the nineteenth century also increased the demand for large silver and silver cutlery. Thanks to the introduction of modern mechanical techniques, the factory Van Kempen could meet with demands. Between 1860 and 1919 surprisingly new styles were introduced, as well traditional styles were maintained. In order to make a profit a plant with several hundred employees, had to be taking into account the tastes of all its customers.
At this time the factory production of large silver did not yet reached mass production . Only rarely were there more than three identical models simultaneously made. Mass production was the case with the manufacturing of cutlery and serving spoons, to meet demands, a special cutlery production plant was build . In this period the variation of cutlery increased dramatically; from cheese knives to you name it, each dish had its own spoon or fork & knife.

Van Kempen attached great importance to quality and careful finish of all the objects made. That is why the factory in Voorschoten made numerous commissions for the Royal Family and government institutions. In 1901 the president of the Zuid Afrikaanse Republiek (the old Transvaal ) Paul Kruger gave Van Kempen an important task to make a silver inkstand for Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands.

Although Van Kempen in the 20th century also followed internationally recognised styles, sales of silver in the neo-styles continues to be of importance to the plant, new styles & models which at the end of the 19th century were designed under the responsibility of head cartoonist Jacobus Valk. In this period Van Kempen used the services of external artists to create designs, such as decorative artist Karel Sluyterman. His products are characterised by the use of ornate Art Nouveau floral motifs. Also, anonymous artists designed for Van Kempen in this Art Nouveau style.
Early last century, besides these exuberant designs, Van Kempen also made products that are simpler and more austere in form. Like tea sets and serving spoons & forks decorated with geometrical designs.
The artist Jacobus Valk managed and directed a large number of engravers and drafters, like Jan J. Warnaar who became an important designer at the drawing department. The first ten years of the 20th century Jan Warnaar designed jars, jewelry boxes and spoons decorated with oriental ornaments and gemstones, however in 1922 Jan Warnaar left Van Kempen followed in 1924 by Jacobus Valk who also left Van Kempen. At that time the sculptor Hendrik A. van den Eynde was an important freelance designer for Van Kempen, his masterpiece a symbolic urn, made in 1919, as of today still recognised as a highlight of Dutch Silver Art.
With the artists' designs, Van Kempen draw attention and hoped for positive reviews and planned to sell more of the ordinary, modern work. Therefore Van Kempen contracted sculptor Johan Altorf and artisans Tjipke Visser and Françoise Carbasius, whose work were shown by Van Kempen in various exhibitions, like at the yearly Utrecht Fair.

In 1919 the factory merged with the Koninklijke Utrechtsche Fabriek van zilveren werken C.J. Begeer and Jac. Vos & Co. from Rotterdam. The production was continued in the city of Voorschoten under the name of; Koninklijke Nederlandse Edelmetaalbedrijven Van Kempen, Begeer en Vos (KNEB ).
After years of internal discord Carl Begeer became director of the firm.

Oel

http://website.rkd.nl/Projecten/crva/3- ... jes-ws.pdf"
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Re: Dutch silver original maker's mark project

Postby bchmtn » Thu May 10, 2012 11:35 pm

Thank you, Oel! This is MOST informative. Great pictures and even better explanations. I, for one, really appreciate your taking the time to capsulate all of this information! Tom
Admin edit with extra infoImage


Image from left to right.
VA under a Crown for: van Arcken & Co registered in Batavia & Soerabaja ( Former Dutch Indies) registered from 1889 /?. Retailers.
VK under a crescent moon between two dots, makers’ mark for: Firm J.M van Kempen & Zonen, located in the city of Voorschoten , this mark used 1858/1924
Lion passant above 2: standard mark silver .833 fineness (1814-1953) with export key: mark to indicate 2/3 duty restitution upon export valid 1853 till 1953.
Minerva head or office mark with the regional assay office letter C in its helmet for the assay office of The Hague.
Date letter h for 1892

Image

De winkel (shop) of Van Arcken & Co at the Molenvliet in Noordwijk at Batavia West Java around 1880
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:COLLE ... 009496.jpg


Oel.
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Re: Dutch silver original maker's mark project

Postby oel » Fri May 11, 2012 9:36 am

Jacobus Helweg or the founder father of the Helweg Era.

Jacobus Helweg (1725-1778), silversmith in Amsterdam between 1753 and 1778 with the maker's mark; IH in an oval. James Helweg was a specialist in hand-forged cutlery. After his death, his son, Roelof took over the business.

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Roelof Helweg (1758-1843), silversmith in Amsterdam between 1778 and 1843 with the maker's mark; RH in oval, RH under a fish and RH under a spoon (after 1812). Roelof was a son of the silversmith James Helweg (1725-1778), from whom he took over the company. Like his father, Roelof Helweg specialized in forged tabel silverware. His sons Roelof Jr. (1792-1844), Jacob (1798-1875) and Henry (1802-1858) were also silversmith

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Jacob Helweg (1798-1875), silversmith in Amsterdam between 1822 and 1864 with the maker's mark; JH under a basket in a square and H next to a basket in a rectangle with cut corners. Jacob was a son of the silversmith Roelof Helweg (1758-1843). Jacob probable learned the trade of silversmith by master silversmith Jacob Hendrik Stellingwerff. Jacob Helweg made all kinds of objects, both great work, as little work, cutlery and serving spoons and created all kinds of silver frames for glass and porcelain.
Jacob Helweg worked for the firm's Bonebakker, Bennewitz & Sons, Benten & Weddelink.
In 1886 Jacob Helweg handed the company to his son Jacob Hendrik Helweg, maker's mark; JH above H3.
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Pre fabricated or made by Jacob Helweg ,completed and sold/retailed by the firm Bonebakker
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Hendrik Helweg (1802-1858), silversmith in Amsterdam between 1828 and 1858 with the maker's mark; HH under an anchor in a square. Hendrik was a son of the Amsterdam silversmith Roelof Helweg (1758-1843) and learned the trade in his father's workshop. In 1828 he started his own company specializing in table and dessert cutlery and small coffee and tea accessories. Major customers were the Amsterdam firms; Bonebakker & Son Bennewitz & Sons, J. W. Benten & Sons and businesses in The Hague, Utrecht and Rotterdam. After his death his widow and her son Carel Hendrik Roelof continuid the company under the name; Widow H. Helweg & Son.
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Carel Hendrik Roelof Helweg (1844-1912), silversmith in Amsterdam between 1875 and 1912 with the maker's mark; H under an anchor and HH under an anchor, both marks in an oval. Henrik was a son of the silversmith Hendrik Helweg (1802-1858). Initially he worked, as of 1875, in the workshop of his mother under the company name of; Wed. H. Helweg & Son. The company supplied to Bonebakker, Benten & Son, Begeer, Voet and Van Arcken. His son Carel Hendrik Roelof Jr. Helweg came in 1901, as an apprentice, in the workshop and continued from 1912 the company with his brother Carl Hendrik, with the maker’s mark; WHH under an anchor. This firm existed until 1965


For more information please go to;
viewtopic.php?f=38&t=17208"

This short film may be of interest: https://www.britishpathe.com/record.php?id=70392"

Helweg marks.

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Gratitude; Het Zilver Lexicon by Janjaap Luijt and many others
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Re: Dutch silver original maker's mark project

Postby oel » Mon May 28, 2012 4:56 am

Fa.(Firm) H. Hooijkaas 1874-2008; Zilverfabriek Schoonhoven
Silver Factory, founded in 1874 and led by the successive members of the Hooykaas family. In 1874, the company named; Hooykaas Schoonhovense silver factory was founded by Hubertus Hooykaas and started as a small workshop. Around 1890 the company began to specialised in the electrolytic manufacturing of old Dutch silver. The company became in the thirties the most important silver factory in Schoonhoven and Schoonhoven’s main employer, Hooykaas had a major impact on the local Schoonhoven society. The silver factory of Hooykaas, at a large-scale, produced hand made silver. In the boom years the company employed around 150 people. A not inconsiderable part of the company owed its existence to the savings campaigns of the famous Dutch coffee roaster & coffee & tea blender named Douwe Egberts. Among consumers Hooykaas was well known as the supplier of the Douwe Egberts-spoons. Every pack of coffee & tea made by Douwe Egberts, I believe since the late sixties, comes with a point’s coupon. A certain amount of points could be exchange for coffee cups, silver plated coffee canisters and the famous silver plated spoons with the fancy monogram D.E on it for Douwe Egberts. The coffee coupons of D.E are still by many people collected and every so many years D.E changes the collection of his gift shop.
In the nineties, Hooykaas emphasis shifted from production company to a trading company.

Zilverfabriek Hooijkaas Schoonhoven; after a few years of being empty, has been demolished in 2005, to give way to further urban development.
http://members.home.nl/listjaap/hooijkaas.htm"

http://www.friesscheepvaartmuseum.nl/nl ... %2C%20H%3A"

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HH in a rectangle for; Fa.(Firm) H. Hooijkaas c.v. also known as Schoonhovense zilverfabriek, Schoonhoven mark used 1906/1924.
NB. An exact same mark HH in a rectangle has been used by Hermanus Hartman, Schoonhoven 1889/1910, always check date letter.

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H 13; Herbert Hooijkaas, Schoonhoven, mark used 1875/1883. Also seen H13. mark used 1883/1909 and H.13 mark used 1875/1909

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*H.H* in rectangle with cut corners H. Hooijkaas b.v. Schoonhovense Zilverfabriek mark used 1946-2008. The date letter Q for 1951


Phillip Hovingh
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H13 for Phillip Hovingh,Look at the serifs of the letter H
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H13 in a rectangle for; Phillip Hovingh, Oude Pekela, registered 1832-1851; often mistaken for the (H13) mark of Herbert Hooijkaas registered (1875-1909) and the pseudo date letter H used by Hendrik Preier, Hoorn, registered 1896-1909 All mentioned three; Hovingh, Hooijkaas & Preier used variants of the same pseudo marks; H pseudo date letter, pseudo city mark for Amsterdam, another pseudo mark and the maker’s mark H13 (fat, flat serif) for Phillip Hovingh.
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Re: Dutch silver original maker's mark project

Postby oel » Mon Mar 25, 2013 11:32 am

Gebr. Roelfsema.
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R6 in a vertical rectangle with cut corner for: J. H. Roelfsema or Firma Gebr (Brothers) Roelfsema. Other known marks: R6.(dot) in a horizontal rectangle with cut corners and 3 above GR in a square. The brothers Roelfsema were located in the city of Winsum, province of Groningen. Regional assay office Groningen, letter code E. Registered from 1894 till 1910 known for silver purse frames, silver bible locks, small silver boxes and other small silver work.
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Re: Dutch silver original maker's mark project

Postby oel » Sun May 12, 2013 7:14 am

Gebr. S & H Reitsma
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R under a repoussé hammer for: Gebr.(Brothers) S. & H. Reitsma or S. Reitsma, registered in the city of Sneek during 1892/1948.
Steven Reitsma, born in Sneek on the 19th December 1862 and deceased in Sneek on December the 15th 1948. Hendrik Reitsma, born in Sneek on the 4th of July 1870 and deceased in Deventer on the 2nd of May 1916. Both are the sons of Tjitte Reitsma (1821-1904) and Froukje Posthumus, and grandchildren of silversmith Steven Tjittes Reitsma from Lemmer, who later moved to Sneek.
Literature: -. Yearbook Frisian Maritime Museum 1983
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Re: Dutch silver original maker's mark project

Postby oel » Sun May 12, 2013 11:06 am

Assayer's identification mark
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C over V with the number 2 is the assayer’s mark for; C. Vreedenburgh Jr(Junior)., assayer in the city of Schoonhoven during 1920/1927. The number 2, in the assayer’s mark of C. Vreedenburgh Jr indicated silver; 2nd standard or 833 fineness.
Mr. Vreedenburgh had five assayers'identification marks ; C over V without a number for general use. C over V with the number 1 for; gold (916) and silver (934) 1st standard, with the number 2 for; gold (833) and silver (833) 2nd standard, with the number 3 for; gold (750) third standard and the number 4 for; gold of 4th standard or 583 fineness

Until 1931 the assayers were personally liable for mistakes in the results of their works.
The assayers’ identification marks are among others, to indentify parts of hollow ware, sometimes also complete items and semi made items, which have been submitted for preliminary assay. After completion the items are submitted for final hallmarking. After checking the identification marks, the items are marked without further assay. The numbers indicate the legal standards of fineness;

1: till 1931 gold 916, silver 934

2: till 1931 gold 833, silver 833

3: till 1931 gold 750

4: till 1931 gold 583
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Meine Stuart

Postby oel » Sat Jun 22, 2013 1:35 am

Image
MS 41. with * is the maker’s mark of; Meine Stuart located in the city of Zwartsluis province of Overijssel. Meine Stuart registered 1820/1851 with various marks.
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Re: Dutch silver original maker's mark project

Postby oel » Thu Feb 13, 2014 4:28 am

Image

Maker's mark D S with a dahlia in the middle for : C. Schoorl & J.A. Dal / J. G. Sauveplanne & F. Hemelrijk, all also known as the firm Dahlia, city of Amsterdam, registered 1920-1958.
Minerva head with the regional assay office letter A for Amsterdam. The date letter D is for 1938.
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