Dutch silver original maker's mark project

PHOTOS REQUIRED - marks + item
oel
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Dutch silver original maker's mark project

Postby oel » Thu May 03, 2012 8:00 am

Dutch silver original maker's mark project.

Ref:
Elias Voet, Jr., Nederlands Goud- & Zilvermerken,
Karel A. Citroen, Dutch Goldsmiths' and Silversmiths' Marks and Names prior to 1812,
Karel A. Citroen, Amsterdamse Zilversmeden en hun merken.
L.B. Gans goud-en zilvermerken van Voet
World Hallmarks Europe 19th to 21st centuries
Waarborgholland, ˜Netherlands' Responsibility Marks since 1797
Janjaap Luijt, Het zilver Lexicon
Valse Zilvermerken in Nederland K.A. Citroen


Year letters of the Netherlands as of 1814
viewtopic.php?f=5&t=32028

Firma Dahlia Amsterdam
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Maker's mark D S with a dahlia in the middle for : C. Schoorl & J.A. Dal / J. G. Sauveplanne & F. Hemelrijk, all also known as the firm Dahlia, city of Amsterdam, registered 1920-1958.
Minerva head with the regional assay office letter A for Amsterdam. The date letter D is for 1938.
The marks used by the firm Dahlia:
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Fa.(Firm) Moerkerk & Co
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M+C in oval for; Fa.(Firm) Moerkerk & Co also known as Th. & P. Moerkerk, Haarlem mark used 1923/1928

B. W van Eldik & A.F. van der Scheer also known as Hollandia Zilversmeden, Zutphen
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BWE conjoined monogram in double oval for; B. W van Eldik & A.F. van der Scheer also known as Hollandia Zilversmeden, Zutphen mark used 1917/1950
Silversmith Company in Zutphen, founded in 1917 by Bernardus Warnerus van Eldik, decendant of a Zutphen family of silversmiths. The ˜Hollandia Zilversmederij maker's mark BWE in two ovals, Hollandia produced a wide range of silverware, mainly in old Dutch style, ranging from teaspoons to bread baskets. The factory closed its doors in 1950

Zaanlandse Zilversmederijen n.v./b.v.

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A hammer between two Z for;Zaanlandse Zilversmederijen n.v./b.v., Haarlem & Amsterdam mark used 1920/1990
Zaanlandse Zilversmederij with outlets/workshops/factories in Amsterdam and later in Haarlem. They were famous for silver with Old Dutch scenes and silverware copies of older famous styles. Zaanlandse founded in 1875 by Gerardus Schoorl(1848-1915) in Zaandijk. Around the turn of the 19th century Antique Dutch silver was in high demand and Gerardus Schoorl became an active supplier. Zaanlandse Zilversmederij became famous for Old Dutch style silverware and turned into a family owned business. The Zaanlandse Zilversmederij 's factory closed its doors in 1973 and the company ceased to exist in 1990.
For more please see;
viewtopic.php?f=5&t=24875&p=60118#p60118"

Gerardus Schoorl
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G7S; Gerardus Schoorl registered in the cities of Zaandijk/Amsterdam & Haarlem date registered 1875/1914

C.A. Stout
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CS 3 (in rolling pin shaped frame) for; C.A. Stout, Rotterdam mark used 1961/2002. Lion Passant II for silver 835 fineness. Assay office mark with the letter D in its helmet for regional assay office of Rotterdam. Date letter S for 1978
..

oel
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Re: Dutch silver original maker's mark project

Postby oel » Thu May 03, 2012 2:10 pm

The Gero factory in the city of Zeist, founded 21 0ktober 1912
Gero short for Gerritsen & Co

Founded under the name; Eerste Nederlandsche Fabriek van Nieuw Zilverwerken, formerly known in 1910 under the company name; MJ Gerritsen & Co., has become a household name in the Netherlands, which stands for virtue and quality.
The Gero factory was founded by Marius Johannes Gerritsen (1882-1954) which in 1909 left his his father's factory to start his own business, along with his brother in law and business partner Julius ter Beek (1888-1967). Marius Gerritsen together with his brother in law Henri Simonis became the first directors. As the result of a conflict about the balance in 1921, between Marius Gerritsen and H.Simonis his brother in law and as such also between Marius Gerritsen’s father, Marius was granted a honorable discharge in 1922. After he left Gero Marius Gerritsen founded Gerrowé, later renamed Sola.
Although Gero was hit by the impact of the First World War it managed to introduce various new collections made in Gerozilver and Gero-alpacca. Throughout its existence the Gero factory used a large number of different alloys. The Gero factory made its products in 'New-silver', also called Alpacca and in a silver plated white metal called Gerozilver. However the spoons and forks made out of Alpacca, a white coloured alloy of roughly 60%copper, 20% nickel, 20% zinc & 5% tin, discoloured rapidly and a layer of chromium was applied over the Alpacca and called Gromalca . In addition Gero made products in pewter, called Gero-tin. The name Gerozilver caused confusion and in 1952 New Hallmark rules forced Gero to change the name into Gero Zilvium

Worldwide recognition
In the early years the company flourished had no competition, the first company to produce quality cutlery for a cheap price. In 1922, a Gero factory was opened in Copenhagen, Denmark to produce for the Scandinavian market. Sales offices were opened in England, Belgium and Germany and the Dutch East Indies and South America were important markets. The Gero factory grew in those years into a well-functioning company. The 12.5 year anniversary of the factory was celebrated in 1925 with the slogan "Gero spans de Kroon" and in the same year the factory name of; Eerste Nederlandsche Fabriek van Nieuw Zilverwerken, voorheen M.J. Gerritsen & Co. Was changed in; Gerofabriek, Fabriek van Nieuw Zilverwerken (Gerofactory, Factory of New Silverworks)

In 1929 the Gero factory, like many other companies, had to deal with the consequences of the Stock Market Crash in America. As a result in 1931, the factory in Copenhagen was closed. In order to meet the demand for cheaper cutlery Gero Zilmeta was introduced, a stainless steel product which required no maintenance and in addition, it was highly suitable for the manufacture of pans, bowls and serving utensils. The Alpacca and Gromalca disappeared from the range of products and replaced by stainless steel Gero Zilmeta.
Besides cutlery soon also other utensils were made as dinnerware, napkin rings, finger bowls, bread baskets and candlesticks.
In the early years the Gero factory had no own designers. In 1923 the Gero factory teamed up with the famous Dutch decorative artist Chris van der Hoef (CJH).
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From 1927 products designed by Georg Nilsson (GN) in Copenhagen were also made by Gero in Zeist. And after the closure of the Gero factory in Copenhagen in 1933, Georg Nilsson works in the Gero factory in Zeist Holland until his retirement in 1957.
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Georg Nilsson has been responsible for most of the designs made by Gero, the characteristic; animal motifs, flower and leave motives, hammered surface but also sleek & functional designs.
Jan Eisenloeffel JE in circle
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In 1929 Gero introduced the cutlery set model nr. 70, designed by Jan Eisenloeffel, a great commercial success, and still made in 1954. Gero claimed the Cutlery set model nr.70, one of the best Dutch Arts & Crafts Industrial design.

Cooperation with other factories.
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Copier Gero liqueur decanter - Andries Dirk Copier, 1930 (Nationaal Glasmuseum)
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Leerdam elixir bottle and glass with Gero- tin, design Georg Nilsson. Bottle height 15 cm and glass 11 cm
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Plazuid (Plateelbakkerij Zuid-Holland) pottery vase, with Gero (Zeist) pewter mount, art deco period, hight 11 cm, made ca.1930.

Leerdam Glass Factory/designer Andries Copier, cooperation between 1930 and 1933; candlesticks, flower vases, condiment sets and liqueur sets. In the early thirties, there is cooperation with the Plateelbakkerij Zuid Holland Gouda. Earthenware Gouda vases, bowls, candlesticks, ashtrays, bottles and such were in Zeist decorated with Gero-tin. The cooperation with design artists and other factories rose to fame of the Gero factory and participating in important national and international exhibitions. After World War II the Gero factory opened a new branch in Nieuw- Weerdinge, near Emmen, to increase production capacity.

To further increase the production capacity companies/factories were taken over by Gero: Hollandia Plate Hilversum, NV Reppel in Belgium and the German firm P. Bruckmann & Söhne in Heilbronn. The products produced by Bruckmann were manufactured from 1965 under the name 'Gero sterling silver', however, this company proved not to be profitable. In addition, the Gero factory could not handle the fierce international competition and lost market. In 1974 the Gero factory in Zeist was closed. The Gero factory in in Nieuw-Weerdinge managed to stay open in a much reduced form. In 1985 Gero factory/brand name is taken over by the Royal Van Kempen & Begeer in Zoetermeer. Today Gero is still produced .
(BK Cookware: The brand Gero and the brand BK are part of BK Cookware bv. BK Cookware bv. is part of the Royal Delft Group. De N.V. Koninklijke Delftsch Aardewerkfabriek "De Porceleyne Fles Anno 1653" (Royal Delft) is the leading producer of authentic Delft Blue ornamental earthenware and modern earthenware. In January 2008, Royal Delft acquired crystal producer Royal Leerdam Crystal and since September 2008 BV Koninklijke Van Kempen & Begeer (owner of the brand names: BK, Gero, Keltum and Royal VKB).

Gero factory maker’s mark for silver item made up till 2000:
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Gero silver plate trademark:
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The D in a circle is not a date letter but a design letter.
Gero silver plate the numbers 20, 40, 90 or 100 indicates the grams of pure silver used to silver plate 12 spoons and 12 forks. The higher the number, the higher the thickness of the silver layer (skin) or quality; 20, 40 90 or 100 grams of silver has been used. After 1965 Gero used only 100 grams.
Gero Sterling:
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Gero with Dutch (hall)marks:
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From left to right: Gero maker's mark for silver, 2nd standard mark silver, Minervahead/assay office mark and date letter P for: 1925


Gero Copenhagen silver plate trademark two towers:
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In 1922 Gero opened a factory in Copenhagen, Denmark which produced mainly products for the Danish & Nordic markets. Georg Nilsson born in 1888 Denmark and trained by the famous"Georg Jensen" was hired by Gero in Copenhagen as a designer & craftsman. After the closure of the Gero factory Copenhagen, Georg Nilsson settled in the Netherlands. Georg Nilsson continues to work for Gero in Zeist until he retired in 1957. His work is characterized by, at that time 'peculiar', hammered surface and the use of animal ornaments. Before World War II Nilsson designed cutlery models that were characterized by forms of art deco, hammered form or in the form of a cartouche. After the war, his designs became sleek and functional.

Gero factory used the services of famous designers who marked their designs: Georg Nilsson (GN), Theodorus Hooft (TH) pewter only, Chris van der Hoef (CJH), Jan Eisenloeffel (JE in circle), Rinze Hamstra (RH) pewter only and Andries Copier (C in circle )
Designer Dick Simonis, son of the director Henri Simonis, started in 1944 to work for the Gero factory. After World War II it was in the first place important to bring production back on track and there was no attention to launch new models. In 1955 the Gero factory stopped the production of pewter objects, and only Zilmeta and Zilvium objects were produced. From 1959 Gero also produced Zilduro products with a higher nickel percentage compared to Zilmeta objects.
In 1957, after Georg Nilsson retired, the Gero factory employed Ib Jensen, a well-known designer from Denmark, and the son of Georg Jensen. In 1962 Ib Jensen returned, after completing a few designs back to Denmark. Dick Simonis was the only permanent designer employed at the Gero factory. The technically well-designed objects of Simonis are characterized by a sober unadorned line. The influence from Denmark where he had received part of his training is herein clearly visible. A Gero Zilmeta cookware designed by Simonis in 1958 received awards in Brussels and Canada 'because of high quality coupled with a pleasing shape'.
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Cookware set, Gero Zilmeta, design Dick Simonis, 1958




100 jaar Gero;
http://www.gero.nl/webdocs/GERO_100jaar.pdf
Gero silver plate trademark name: Zilvium
Gero stainless steel trademark names; Zilmeta, & Zilduro (high nickel%)
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http://www.benvanhelden.nl/Edelsmeden/a ... effel.html

Oel.

oel
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Re: Dutch silver original maker's mark project

Postby oel » Fri May 04, 2012 12:08 pm

Van Kempen & Zonen/Kempen & Begeer & Vos/Koninklijke Nederlandse Edelmetaalbedrijven/Nederlandse Fabrieken van Kempen en Begeer N.V Gerritsen & van Kempen n.v. Zeist

History

“De Koninklijke Utrechtse Fabriek van Zilverwerken” is a Dutch company in Zoetermeer dedicated to the Art of Silver & Goldsmithing. In 1866 G.F.J. Bauer, the founder of the “Utrechtsche Zilverfabriek S. and J. van Lier & Zn and G.F.W Bauer “, was succeeded by Carel Joseph Begeer (1840-1879) and a little later the factory changed its name to: 'Utrechtse Fabriek van Zilverwerken C.J. Begeer'(in 1868). Carel Joseph Begeer died a young age and was succeeded by his younger brother Anthonie Begeer. At a later stage Anthonie married his brother’s widow Margje Johanna Straver on 1881 April 6. The son of Carel Joseph Begeer (1840-1879) & Margje Johanna Straver, called Cornelis L.J. Begeer, at 1890 worked as a partner under his stepfather/uncle Anthonie Begeer and under his leadership the factory produced, around the year 1900, silver objects in the Art Nouveau style. In 1883 Carel J.A. Begeer was born, son of Anthonie & Margje Begeer-Straver and stepbrother of Cornelis L.J Begeer.

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B under 2 stars; C.L.J Begeer , Utrecht mark used 1904/1951

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C B above star; C. J.Begeer, Kon. Utrechtse Fabriek van Zilverwerk, Utrecht, mark used 1868/1920
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Carel J.A. Begeer; Dutch goldsmith, designer of ornamental silver & silver utensils and later became director of Royal Van Kempen, born October 15th 1883 in Utrecht - deceased November 12, 1956 in Voorschoten.
Carel J. A. Begeer enjoyed a broad education at home and abroad, both in the fields of trade, Art and technology. In 1904 he was artistic director of the company from his father, and co-partner in 1908, after the death of his father in 1910, he became director. In 1907, his first designs are carried out in silver. Showing Roman naturalist ornaments & medieval influences and art nouveau features.
Carel J.A.Begeer used the services of other famous designers, including Chris van der Hoef, Jan Eisenloeffel, Harm Ellens, George Lantman, Gerrit Rietveld and Erich Wichmann. From 1904 until 1907 Jan Eisenloeffel designed metalwork and tableware for CJ Begeer in Utrecht.
In 1919 Carel Begeer merged his company with "J. K. Kempen & Zonen' located inVoorschoten and the firm J. Vos located in Rotterdam The name of this newly merged company: de 'Koninklijke Nederlandsche Edelmetaal Bedrijven Van Kempen, Begeer en Vos (K.N.E.B.)'. The workshops of this new company were established in the city of Voorschoten.
The company, based in Voorschoten, was reorganized in 1925. C.J.A. Begeer and D. Vos become the new members of the Executive Board. Former director Anthony Everdinus van Kempen left the company to become a director by Gerritsen Zeist a competitor, from that time on called; Gerritsen and Van Kempen (1925-1960). 'Koninklijke Nederlandsche Edelmetaal Bedrijven Van Kempen, Begeer en Vos (K.N.E.B.)' then changed the name into: 'Van Kempen and Begeer'
The company now produced less labor-intensive products; series of machine made products.
Since 1927 the designers Christa Ehrlich and later the German Emmy Roth joined the company.
The depression midst thirties was survived by producing Keltum plate and stainless steel cutlery.
In 1960 the merger of the two competing companies Gerritsen en Van Kempen in Zeist and Van Kempen en Begeer in Voorschoten to: Koninklijke Van Kempen & Begeer, established in Zoetermeer, from 1985.
Carel Joseph Anton Begeer, in addition to his work as a director of a company, was involved in many administrative activities which include; chairman of the Chamber of Commerce in Utrecht, chairman of the Dutch Chamber of Commerce for Germany, president and board member of The Hague Dutch Society for Industry and Commerce, and country chairman of the Dutch Society for Industry and Commerce, chairman of several museums and an arts & crafts school, and many other functions. For his many services he was awarded the rank of Officer in the Order of Orange-Nassau, he also received various international awards.
He also published about his field of expertise like an introduction to the ‘History of the Dutch Goldsmith’. (de 'Geschiedenis der Nederlandse Edelsmeedkunst').


http://buitenplaatsberbice.nl/familie-begeer/

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SBU; C.L.J. Begeer, Stichtse Fabriek van Goud en Zilverwerken, Utrecht, mark used 1932/1936

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Crowned B; Koninklijke Begeer b.v., Arteliers voor Edelsmeed en Penningkunst 1959- present


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V.K. within G or horseshoe, frame 2 conjoined vases for; Gerritsen & van Kempen n.v. Zeist around 1926/? (1961)

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K.B above V for Kempen & Begeer & Vos, Koninklijke Nederlandse Edelmetaalbedrijven, registered in the Dutch cities of 's Hertogenbosch, Utrecht and Voorschoten .Year used 1920-1931.


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VKB under a crown above crescent moon for Koninklijke (Royal) Nederlandse Fabrieken van Kempen en Begeer N.V. or Koninklijke van Kempen en Begeer, date entry 1961-present, cities of Zeist & Voorschoten, Leiden en Zoetermeer.

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V above a cresent moon for; Zilverfabriek Voorschoten (Silverfactory Voorschoten), a subsidiary of Koninklijke Nederlandse Edelmetaal Bedrijven( Royal Dutch Precious Metals Companies). Mark used 1925/1961

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VK under crescent moon between two dots, is the maker's mark for Firm J. M. van Kempen & Zonen, city of Voorschoten in the Netherlands, date entry 1858-1924.
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Image from left to right.
VA under a Crown for: van Arcken & Co registered in Batavia & Soerabaja ( Former Dutch Indies) registered from 1889 /?. Retailers.
VK under a crescent moon between two dots, maker's mark for: Firm J.M van Kempen & Zonen, located in the city of Voorschoten , this mark used 1858/1924
Lion Passant above 2: standard mark silver .833 fineness (1814-1953) with export key: mark to indicate 2/3 duty restitution upon export valid 1853 till 1953.
Minerva head or office mark with the regional assay office letter C in its helmet for the assay office of The Hague.
Date letter h for 1892

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De winkel (shop) of Van Arcken & Co at the Molenvliet in Noordwijk at Batavia West Java around 1880
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:COLLE ... 009496.jpg



http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koninklijk ... %26_Begeer"

History of Royal Van Kempen & Begeer

1789 Johannes van Kempen joins the master guild
and founds his company.

1858 Royal assignation the company of Johannus
van Kempen by King Willem III.

1851 BK cookware is founded. In 1851 Coppersmith Hendrik Berk set up a factory in Kampen, the Netherlands.

1867 Participation at the World Exhibition in Paris.

1874 Participation at the World Exhibition in Vienna.

1912 Gero cutlery is founded, by Marius Gerritsen, a member of the famous silver family Gerritsen.

1919 Merger to KNEB for; Koninklijke Nederlandse Edelmetaal Bedrijven van Kempen, Begeer & Vos. One of the five subsidiary
called
Zilverfabriek Voorschoten

1936 Keltum silver plated hollowware is founded, with its first collection being designed by Gustav Beran.

1960 Merger of bv Koninklijke van Kempen & Begeer.

1986 bv Koninklijke van Kempen & Begeer acquires Gero

1988 bv Koninklijke van Kempen & Begeer acquires BK

2004 Van Kempen & Begeer opens futuristic shop in Utrecht

2005 Establishment of RoyalVKB as international brand.
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History of Van Kempen
J. M. van Kempen (III)
Utrecht silversmith (1814-1877)

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The name Van Kempen has long been a well known established ( household) name in the Dutch silver industry. This is mainly due to Johannes Mattheus (III) van Kempen (1814-1877), the first silver manufacturer to introduce modern production techniques in the Netherlands, to realize his dream of the mass production of silver and decorative objects. In 1858 the company moved from Utrecht to Voorschoten. In 1919 a merger took place with the firms of C.J . Begeer from Utrecht and Jac. Vos & Co. from Rotterdam. A few years later that merger initiated the departure of the Van Kempen from Voorschoten.

Johannes Mattheus van Kempen, joined in the footsteps of his father and grandfather both silversmiths. His grandfather was born in Utrecht in 1764, known as Johannes Mattheus van Kempen (I) and in 1789 admitted as master of the guild of silversmiths. His sons, Pieter Johannes (1790 - 1831) and Johannes Mattheus (II) (1792 - 1831) were also silversmith in Utrecht.

In 1834 Johannes Mattheus (III) (1814-1877) bought a modest shop at the Choorstraat in Utrecht.

He realized that factory made silver production would play an increasingly important role in modern society and it would play down the roll of the traditional handcraft gold smiting. Located at a large medieval building in Utrecht at the
Oude Gracht, which he bought in 1851, he ordered to build, a then very modern, steam engine. In this way he could with the help of an increasing number of well-trained employees, realize his dream: the modern way of producing cheaper, but good quality silver objects.

J. M. van Kempen wanted "pure of style" silver designs. In a brochure published in 1851, for the World Exhibition in London, Van Kempen discusses the five styles he used for his silverware: Greek, Gothic, Renaissance, Louis XIV and rocaille.


The main contribution of a Dutch silversmith at the first World's Fair, held in London in 1851, was that of the Utrecht silversmith J.M van Kempen. His entry consisted of five different objects in historical styles. Each style period represented with objects. In an accompanying letter Van Kempen explained that he had tried every style, as faithfully as possible, to interpret. The star of the exhibit was a jewelry box made by van Kempen which according to the silversmith 'exhibits characteristics of the Renaissance'.
Under Renaissance Van Kempen understood the style period introduced in the late 15th century in Italy and during the 16th and 17th century in France and England had celebrated triumphs. Like his contemporaries, Van Kempen did not distinguish between the early Italian Renaissance and the later French and English reaction thereof. Hence, in the decoration of the jewelry box motifs from both trends are recognisable: the little heads in the medallions go back to an invention by the Italian sculptor Lorenzo Ghiberti (1378-1442), while the scroll work with which the walls and the edges of the lid are decorated precisely characterises the last phase, which we now call Mannerism. Van Kempen appreciated in the Renaissance, especially the prominent ornamentation - the combination of surface ornament and sculptural elements.
The designer of the jewelry box, the painter and illustrator Gerardus Willem van Dokkum (1828-1903), succeeded to merge the past styles into a decidedly 19th-century object. In his design he took on more sculptural elements of his own invention. The most appealing is the dog on the cover, the dog as a guardian of the treasure jewelry. Under his front paw he holds an exact copy of the key to open the jewelry box.
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With three of his sons, Johannes Matheus is the founder and first director of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Fabriek van Gouden en Zilveren werken J. M. van Kempen & Zonen te Vooschoten (Royal Dutch Factory Golden and Silver Works J. M. Kempen & Sons in Voorschoten). At the opening of the new factory in 1858 in Voorschoten the predicate "Royal" has been granted to the company. since the sixties of the nineteenth century, English craftsmen were attracted to introduce the latest techniques for producing spoons and forks and famous artists like Willem van Dokkum and Hendrik Jacobus Valk, but also several anonymous designers were responsible for the often surprisingly modern designs of the silver ware produced in Van Kempen's factory.

The increasing prosperity in the second half of the nineteenth century also increased the demand for large silver and silver cutlery. Thanks to the introduction of modern mechanical techniques, the factory Van Kempen could meet with demands. Between 1860 and 1919 surprisingly new styles were introduced, as well traditional styles were maintained. In order to make a profit a plant with several hundred employees, had to be taking into account the tastes of all its customers.
At this time the factory production of large silver did not yet reached mass production . Only rarely were there more than three identical models simultaneously made. Mass production was the case with the manufacturing of cutlery and serving spoons, to meet demands, a special cutlery production plant was build . In this period the variation of cutlery increased dramatically; from cheese knives to you name it, each dish had its own spoon or fork & knife.

Van Kempen attached great importance to quality and careful finish of all the objects made. That is why the factory in Voorschoten made numerous commissions for the Royal Family and government institutions. In 1901 the president of the Zuid Afrikaanse Republiek (the old Transvaal ) Paul Kruger gave Van Kempen an important task to make a silver inkstand for Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands.

Although Van Kempen in the 20th century also followed internationally recognized styles, sales of silver in the neo-styles continues to be of importance to the plant, new styles & models which at the end of the 19th century were designed under the responsibility of head cartoonist Jacobus Valk. In this period Van Kempen used the services of external artists to create designs, such as decorative artist Karel Sluyterman. His products are characterised by the use of ornate Art Nouveau floral motifs. Also, anonymous artists designed for Van Kempen in this Art Nouveau style.
Early last century, besides these exuberant designs, Van Kempen also made products that are simpler and more austere in form. Like tea sets and serving spoons & forks decorated with geometrical designs.
The artist Jacobus Valk managed and directed a large number of engravers and drafters, like Jan J. Warnaar who became an important designer at the drawing department. The first ten years of the 20th century Jan Warnaar designed jars, jewelry boxes and spoons decorated with oriental ornaments and gemstones, however in 1922 Jan Warnaar left Van Kempen followed in 1924 by Jacobus Valk who also left Van Kempen. At that time the sculptor Hendrik A. van den Eynde was an important freelance designer for Van Kempen, his masterpiece a symbolic urn, made in 1919, as of today still recognized as a highlight of Dutch Silver Art.
With the artists' designs, Van Kempen draw attention and hoped for positive reviews and planned to sell more of the ordinary, modern work. Therefore Van Kempen contracted sculptor Johan Altorf and artisans Tjipke Visser and Francoise Carbasius, whose work were shown by Van Kempen in various exhibitions, like at the yearly Utrecht Fair.

In 1919 the factory merged with the Koninklijke Utrechtsche Fabriek van zilveren werken C.J. Begeer and Jac. Vos & Co. from Rotterdam. The production was continued in the city of Voorschoten under the name of; Koninklijke Nederlandse Edelmetaalbedrijven Van Kempen, Begeer en Vos (KNEB ). After years of internal discord Carl Begeer became director of the firm.

In 1936 the first silver-plated items were produced under the name Keltum.
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Candelabra Keltum 1962, designer Gustav Beran (1912-2006), marked Keltum 90
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Keltum silver plate trademark
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The Royal Delft Group acquired in September 2008 BV Koninklijke Van Kempen & Begeer.

Oel

http://website.rkd.nl/Projecten/crva/3- ... jes-ws.pdf"

..

oel
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Posts: 2373
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Location: The Netherlands

Re: Dutch silver original maker's mark project

Postby oel » Fri May 11, 2012 9:36 am

SOLA

Since 1868 the Gerritsen family has been involved in the production and supply of silverware.
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Newspaper add 30th October 1924

Gerrowé, the factory in Zeist was founded in 1922 by Marius. J. Gerritsen, after he left Gero and in 1925 renamed Sola.
Cutlery and tableware was made in quality stainless steel, silver plated and sterling silver. In the fifties Sola started manufacturing cookware. Sola’s factory in Zeist, now mainly has a store function, the production takes place elsewhere. Nowadays the company is run by Bert Gerritsen, grandson of Marius.J. Gerritsen. Sola has been manufacturing and distributing its products through dealers and wholesalers, reaching all various sectors of the hospitality industry from hotels and hotel-supply companies, restaurants, airlines, cruise-lines and others.

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Silver teaspoons
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G*Z for M.J. Gerritsen BV, Sola Fabriek Zeist, date used 1968-present,International mark assay office Gouda, lion rampant, silver 1st standard 925/1000, Minerva head/assay office mark, letter R =Gouda, year letter K for 1994,
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G*Z for M.J. Gerritsen BV, Sola Fabriek Zeist 1968-present

Sola silver plated candle holders.
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Sola silver plated knifes.
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Sola stainless steel.
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Chromed stainless steel.


Oel.

oel
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Re: Dutch silver original maker's mark project

Postby oel » Mon May 28, 2012 4:56 am

Fa.(Firm) H. Hooijkaas 1874-2008; Zilverfabriek Schoonhoven
Silver Factory, founded in 1874 and led by the successive members of the Hooykaas family. In 1874, the company named; Hooykaas Schoonhovense silver factory was founded by Hubertus Hooykaas and started as a small workshop. Around 1890 the company began to specialised in the electrolytic manufacturing of old Dutch silver. The company became in the thirties the most important silver factory in Schoonhoven and Schoonhoven's main employer, Hooykaas had a major impact on the local Schoonhoven society. The silver factory of Hooykaas, at a large-scale, produced hand made silver. In the boom years the company employed around 150 people. A not inconsiderable part of the company owed its existence to the savings campaigns of the famous Dutch coffee roaster & coffee & tea blender named Douwe Egberts. Among consumers Hooykaas was well known as the supplier of the Douwe Egberts-spoons. Every pack of coffee & tea made by Douwe Egberts, I believe since the late sixties, comes with a points coupon. A certain amount of points could be exchange for coffee cups, silver plated coffee canisters and the famous silver plated spoons with the fancy monogram D.E on it for Douwe Egberts. The coffee coupons of D.E are still by many people collected and every so many years D.E changes the collection of his gift shop.
In the nineties, Hooykaas emphasis shifted from production company to a trading company.

Zilverfabriek Hooijkaas Schoonhoven; after a few years of being empty, has been demolished in 2005, to give way to further urban development.
http://members.home.nl/listjaap/hooijkaas.htm"

http://www.friesscheepvaartmuseum.nl/nl ... %2C%20H%3A"

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HH in a rectangle for; Fa.(Firm) H. Hooijkaas c.v. also known as Schoonhovense zilverfabriek, Schoonhoven mark used 1906/1924.
NB. An exact same mark HH in a rectangle has been used by Hermanus Hartman, Schoonhoven 1889/1910, always check date letter.

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H 13; Herbert Hooijkaas, Schoonhoven, mark used 1875/1883. Also seen H13. mark used 1883/1909 and H.13 mark used 1875/1909

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*H.H* in rectangle with cut corners H. Hooijkaas b.v. Schoonhovense Zilverfabriek mark used 1946-2008. The date letter Q for 1951
Also seen; .HH.(1913-1947) *HH+, *H.H+ used 1943-2008.


Phillip Hovingh
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H13 for Phillip Hovingh,Look at the serifs of the letter H
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H13 in a rectangle for; Phillip Hovingh, Oude Pekela, registered 1832-1851; often mistaken for the (H13) mark of Herbert Hooijkaas registered (1875-1909) and the pseudo date letter H used by Hendrik Preijer, Hoorn, registered 1896-1909 All mentioned three; Hovingh, Hooijkaas & Preijer used variants of the same pseudo marks; H pseudo date letter, pseudo city mark for Amsterdam, an old ship or pseudo maker's mark and the real maker's mark H13 (fat, flat serif) for Phillip Hovingh.

A miniature made by Herbert Hooijkaas 1875-1883 maker's mark H13:

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For Maker's Marks used by Schoonhoven Silversmiths after 1940 see:
http://www.verwoerdceramics.com/silver

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Re:Firma Helweg Amsterdam

Postby oel » Mon Mar 25, 2013 11:32 am

Jacobus Helweg or the founder father of the Helweg Era.

Jacobus Helweg (1725-1778), silversmith in Amsterdam between 1753 and 1778 with the maker's mark; IH in an oval. James Helweg was a specialist in hand-forged cutlery. After his death, his son, Roelof took over the business.
Double click on image to enlarge
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Roelof Helweg (1758-1843), silversmith in Amsterdam between 1778 and 1843 with the maker's mark; RH in oval, RH under a fish and RH under a spoon (after 1812). Roelof was a son of the silversmith James Helweg (1725-1778), from whom he took over the company. Like his father, Roelof Helweg specialized in forged tabel silverware. His sons Roelof Jr. (1792-1844), Jacob (1798-1875) and Henry (1802-1858) were also silversmith

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Jacob Helweg (1798-1875), silversmith in Amsterdam between 1822 and 1864 with the maker's mark; JH under a basket in a square and H next to a basket in a rectangle with cut corners. Jacob was a son of the silversmith Roelof Helweg (1758-1843). Jacob probable learned the trade of silversmith by master silversmith Jacob Hendrik Stellingwerff. Jacob Helweg made all kinds of objects, both great work, as little work, cutlery and serving spoons and created all kinds of silver frames for glass and porcelain.
Jacob Helweg worked for the firm's Bonebakker, Bennewitz & Sons, Benten & Weddelink.
In 1886 Jacob Helweg handed the company to his son Jacob Hendrik Helweg, maker's mark; JH above H3.
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Pre fabricated or made by Jacob Helweg ,completed and sold/retailed by the firm Bonebakker

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Hendrik Helweg (1802-1858), silversmith in Amsterdam between 1828 and 1858 with the maker's mark; HH under an anchor in a square. Hendrik was a son of the Amsterdam silversmith Roelof Helweg (1758-1843) and learned the trade in his father's workshop. In 1828 he started his own company specializing in table and dessert cutlery and small coffee and tea accessories. Major customers were the Amsterdam firms; Bonebakker & Son Bennewitz & Sons, J. W. Benten & Sons and businesses in The Hague, Utrecht and Rotterdam. After his death his widow and her son Carel Hendrik Roelof continuid the company under the name; Widow H. Helweg & Son.

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Carel Hendrik Roelof Helweg (1844-1912), silversmith in Amsterdam between 1875 and 1912 with the maker's mark; H under an anchor and HH under an anchor, both marks in an oval. Henrik was a son of the silversmith Hendrik Helweg (1802-1858). Initially he worked, as of 1875, in the workshop of his mother under the company name of; Wed. H. Helweg & Son. The company supplied to Bonebakker, Benten & Son, Begeer, Voet and Van Arcken. His son Carel Hendrik Roelof Jr. Helweg came in 1901, as an apprentice, in the workshop and continued from 1912 the company with his brother Carl Hendrik, with the maker's mark; WHH under an anchor. This firm existed until 1965


For more information please go to;
viewtopic.php?f=38&t=17208"

This short film may be of interest: https://www.britishpathe.com/record.php?id=70392"

Helweg marks.

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Gratitude; Het Zilver Lexicon by Janjaap Luijt and many others.

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Re: Dutch silver original maker's mark project

Postby oel » Sun May 12, 2013 7:14 am

Gebr. S & H Reitsma
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R under a repousse hammer for: Gebr.(Brothers) S. & H. Reitsma or S. Reitsma, registered in the city of Sneek during 1892/1948.
Steven Reitsma, born in Sneek on the 19th December 1862 and deceased in Sneek on December the 15th 1948. Hendrik Reitsma, born in Sneek on the 4th of July 1870 and deceased in Deventer on the 2nd of May 1916. Both are the sons of Tjitte Reitsma (1821-1904) and Froukje Posthumus, and grandchildren of silversmith Steven Tjittes Reitsma from Lemmer, who later moved to Sneek.
Literature: -. Yearbook Frisian Maritime Museum 1983


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Gebr. Roelfsema.
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R6 in a vertical rectangle with cut corner for: J. H. Roelfsema or Firma Gebr (Brothers) Roelfsema. Other known marks: R6.(dot) in a horizontal rectangle with cut corners and 3 above GR in a square. The brothers Roelfsema were located in the city of Winsum, province of Groningen. Regional assay office Groningen, letter code E. Registered from 1894 till 1910 known for silver purse frames, silver bible locks, small silver boxes and other small silver work.


Oel.

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Re: Dutch silver original maker's mark project

Postby oel » Sun May 12, 2013 11:06 am

Assayer's identification mark
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C over V with the number 2 is the assayer's mark for; C. Vreedenburgh Jr(Junior)., assayer in the city of Schoonhoven during 1920/1927. The number 2, in the assayer's mark of C. Vreedenburgh Jr indicated silver; 2nd standard or 833 fineness.
Mr. Vreedenburgh had five assayer's identification marks ; C over V without a number for general use. C over V with the number 1 for; gold (916) and silver (934) 1st standard, with the number 2 for; gold (833) and silver (833) 2nd standard, with the number 3 for; gold (750) third standard and the number 4 for; gold of 4th standard or 583 fineness

Until 1931 the assayers were personally liable for mistakes in the results of their works.
The assayer's identification marks are among others, to identify parts of hollow ware, sometimes also complete items and semi made items, which have been submitted for preliminary assay. After completion the items are submitted for final hallmarking. After checking the identification marks, the items are marked without further assay. The numbers indicate the legal standards of fineness;

1: till 1931 gold 916, silver 934

2: till 1931 gold 833, silver 833

3: till 1931 gold 750

4: till 1931 gold 583

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Meine Stuart

Postby oel » Sat Jun 22, 2013 1:35 am

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MS 41. with * is the maker’s mark of; Meine Stuart located in the city of Zwartsluis province of Overijssel. Meine Stuart registered 1820/1851 with various marks.

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Rinze Jans Spaanstra

Postby oel » Tue Jul 29, 2014 2:07 pm

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RS above 2 for: Rinze Jans Spaanstra registered in the cities of Drachten/Wommels/Berlicum(Frisian) and Nijehaske from around 1843 till 1896. Known to have used those particular set of pseudo marks see: viewtopic.php?f=24&t=33603&p=85568#p85568
Seen on spoons, the well known pseudo marks; VB and MC both pseudo maker‘s mark, single headed eagle pseudo city mark for Deventer.
Rinze Jans Spaanstra registered two maker’s marks; RS above 2 and RS above 158, he is well known to have used this particular set of fantasy marks.
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MC pseudo maker’s mark, a fern leave another pseudo maker’s mark and a running animal (up site down) the third pseudo maker’s mark. Hallmark Lion Rampant 1, standard mark to indicate silver 934/1000 fineness or 93.4% pure silver used 1814-1953. And with export key mark to indicate 2/3 duty restitution upon export valid 1853 till 1953. Original maker's mark RS above 158 for; Rinze Jans Spaanstra


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Re: Dots in a Dutch date letter?

Postby oel » Sun Dec 21, 2014 3:37 pm

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From left to right; the maker's mark is GG for: Gerit Regtdoorzee Greup, registered in the city of Schoonhoven from 1864/1915( used 4 different maker's marks), Lion Passant above 2, standard mark for large and medium work, 833/1000 fineness used 1814-1953, The Minerva head or Assay office mark with the regional assay office letter M for the city of Schoonhoven, followed by the date letter C for 1912. Until 1931 the assayers were personally liable for mistakes in the result of their work. Until 1931 date letters were considered to be their responsibility marks. When in the course of a year the assayer of a certain office was succeeded by another one, as a consequence the date letters of that office were provided with a distinguishing mark. Usually it was a dot, but commas, crosses and stars also occurred. There are a few date letters bearing two dots; the result of two changes of assayer within a single year.

Ref: Netherlands'Responsibility marks from 1797 part 1


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Re: Dutch silver original maker's mark project

Postby oel » Wed Jul 08, 2015 10:33 pm

Alle de Haas also known as Fa. (Firm) A. de Haas or Th. De Haas.

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AH 1 in a rectangle for; Alle de Haas also known as Fa. (Firm) A. de Haas or Th. De Haas, city of Sneek, mark used 1879/1966. His maker's mark is often seen in combination with pseudo marks.


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AH above 1 in a square for; Alle de Haas also known as Fa. (Firm) A. de Haas or Th. De Haas, city of Sneek, mark used 1877/1966. His maker's mark is often seen in combination with pseudo marks. From left to right; pseudo city mark for Amsterdam, pseudo standard mark and pseudo year letter.
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