Is it Sterling or Silverplate? How do you tell?

PHOTOS REQUIRED - marks + item
futurenow
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Joined: Tue Dec 18, 2007 11:56 am
Location: Canada

Is it Sterling or Silverplate? How do you tell?

Postby futurenow » Tue Dec 18, 2007 12:13 pm

I"m new to silver markings and manufacturers information. I have looked through the website and found lots of information, thankyou. When I click through links in the hallmark sections, for example, I find useful information except I'm still left with the same question. Does the manufacturer always produce sterling silver? For example, Joseph Seymour? or Shiebler? or Edward Davis?
I notice some manufacturers have a 'hallmark' and that's all they put on the piece, while some put on sterling with their 'mark'. So, how do I know, if they don't use the word sterling or 925 etc if it's sterling?
Do some manufacturers only use their marks and it's assumed it's sterling?

Yes, I'm a little confused - any assistance is greatly appreciated.
Thanks

admin
Site Admin
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Joined: Fri Apr 01, 2005 6:52 pm

Postby admin » Tue Dec 18, 2007 2:50 pm

Hi,
Welcome to the forum. Yes, it certainly can all be very confusing at the start, I'll try to clear some of it up.

We are talking about American silver here, so the first thing to clarify is that there is no such thing as a hallmark on American silver. To have a hallmark, the silver must be made under one of the British or Continental systems where there were governing bodies or trade organizations called guilds that had guild halls, hence hallmark. In America, marks on silver are maker's marks, trademarks or manufacturer's marks.

The predominant American standards used on solid silverware were Coin (.900, roughly pre-1870) and Sterling (.925, roughly post-1870). It is important to keep in mind that solid silver wares always were, and still are, luxury goods for which people have always paid a premium. Given that, it has always made sense for the maker to clearly label the item with something indicative of its luxury status. This is why 99.9% (the figure is a guess, but I'm confident that it is not far off) of all American solid silver made after 1870 is clearly stamped "Sterling" or in more recent years .925, just plain stupid for a maker not to choose to do this. If a U. S. piece made after 1870 is not stamped "Sterling", it is almost always plate.

In the 18th & earlier part of the 19th century, silverplate had not yet made an impact on the market so there was no strong need to differentiate between the two types of ware. American pieces of this time are often stamped solely with a maker's mark. But, as silverplate became more prevalent and the later the year, the more common it became for makers to stamp an indicator mark to show that the piece was solid silver. Some coin silver indicator stamps are; "Coin", "Standard", "Premium" and the letters "C", "D", or "S" found amongst coin silver pseudomarks are also thought to be indicators.

You'll notice that the silver marks and silverplate marks are in separate sections on the site. In the American Silver section, you can safely assume that the marks found are stamped in conjunction with some sort of silver standard indicator mark, unless they are early coin silver smiths.

There are American manufacturers that produce both silverplate and sterling, generally speaking, they tended to use different trademarks on each type of ware, however, there are some that did use the same trademark on both sterling & plate, but you can rely on the fact that the sterling items will be stamped as such. There are also many silverplate manufacturers that use marks that are imitative of older British and Continental hallmarks. Familiarizing yourself with genuine hallmarks will eventually show you just how cheesy these copycat marks are.

All that said, and despite having set up a website devoted completely to silver marks, I need to point out that one should not rely entirely on the marks. There are many other important indicators as to; silver or plate, antique or recent, handmade or manufactured, treasure or trash - and that knowledge is acquired through the handling of many, many pieces of both silver and silverplate at shops, shows, auction previews and where ever else you can, literally, lay your hands on it.

Hope this helps.
Regards, Tom

byron mac donald
Posts: 410
Joined: Tue Jan 30, 2007 1:45 am
Location: Central Ca. USA

Postby byron mac donald » Tue Dec 18, 2007 4:38 pm

Man! I wish I had asked Futurenow's question a long time ago. Great explanation; you should post it on this site somewhere.

Thanks for the explaination- Byron

(admin note - made it a sticky, it will remain at the top spot in this category)

Hose_dk
contributor
Posts: 1430
Joined: Sun May 28, 2006 1:39 pm
Location: Denmark

Postby Hose_dk » Tue Dec 25, 2007 11:55 am

And just wait until you reach european silver. :-)

guaranties since 1200, and 1300. In Denmark silver was standard since 1429 with a uniform hallmark since 1608 - a standard but many exemptions. Different standards from country to country but also from city to city.

We europeans prefer silver (generally speaking) that dates (at least) from before 1850. And better before 1799. So welcome to the forum - also from a danish member

and I would recommend that you read some old questions -there is a enormous wealth of knowledge here.

kcantique
Posts: 2
Joined: Sun Dec 21, 2008 7:37 pm
Location: Down South USA

Postby kcantique » Mon Dec 22, 2008 6:11 pm

What a great explanation!

silverly
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Joined: Sun Nov 22, 2009 11:54 pm
Location: Virginia Beach, Virginia

Postby silverly » Thu Feb 04, 2010 12:20 pm

There were makers that marked the wares just like coin silver, but the metal was something other than predominantly silver. Although it is not one hundred percent true, Hall & Elton is one example of a maker that marked their wares like coin, but it was not. Testing silver is not always convenient or possible, consequently, it is a good idea to know something about the makers. Experience with looking at silver helps but may not be a guarantee for distinguishing silver from silver plate and other materials when they are not well marked.

This pitfall in collecting silver is not usually enough to hold very many people back from pursuing their interests. It's just good to go at it with the eyes open as far as possible.

dmfresh
Posts: 6
Joined: Tue Apr 26, 2011 10:01 pm

Re: Is it Sterling or Silverplate? How do you tell?

Postby dmfresh » Sat Apr 30, 2011 11:37 pm

Great post !! And I love this website. Thank you !!


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