Online Encyclopedia of Silver Marks, Hallmarks & Makers' Marks
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Russian Hallmarks ~ Imperial Period ~ City Marks

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Russian Silver Marks Overview

Russian City Marks ~ Smaller Cities & Towns
Astrakhan - Kiev
Астрахань - Киев
Kostroma - Tallinn
Кострома - Таллин
Tartu - Zhitomir
Тарту - Житомир

Astrakhan
(Астрахань)

Although the shape of its cartouche changed over time, the crown and sword were used from the mid 18th until the late 19th century.


Astrakhan Arms


unidentified silversmith
Vasily Peretrutov (assayer) В. Перетрутов
Astrakhan 1822

1882-1898
Baku
(Баку)

Currently in Azerbaijan. The city symbol is three flames.


Baku Arms


c.1830s


c.1860s
Grodno
(Гродно)

Located in Belarus. Town mark is a horseman above a bull, marking in the Russian system began sometime after from 1823.


Regional Arms

Jakub Preisyg (silversmith) Яков Преисyг
(assayer not shown)
Grodno c.1830


unidentified silversmith
Lavrenty Balabanov (assayer) Л. Балабанов
Grodno 1855

18th C.
Irkutsk
(Иркутск)

Early mark, used in the 18th century. There is some confusion in the literature regarding this town mark. Rosenberg lists it as Novgorod, Postnikova-Loseva for both Tobolosk and Irkutsk, and Tardy only for Irkutsk. As the depiction only matches the Arms of Siberia, Irkutsk is the most probable identity.


Siberian Arms


1852


1869
Jelgava / Elgava / Mitau
(Елгава / Митава)

Located in Latvia. Head of an elk used from c.1850-1899


Jelgava Arms

unidentified silversmith
Nicholaus Schultz (assayer) Николай Шульц
Jelgava 1852


unidentified silversmith
unidentified assayer
Jelgava 1869

18th - 19th C.



1877


Kalouga
1879
Kaluga
(Калуга)

Emperor’s Crown above a fess was adopted in the late 18th century, earlier mark (not illustrated) was the imperial double headed eagle above "Г К"





Kaluga Arms

Lev Vasilyev (silversmith) Лев Васильев
Kirill Degusar (assayer) Кирилл Дегусар
Kaluga 1877


Lev Vasilyev (silversmith) Лев Васильев
Kirill Degusar (assayer) Кирилл Дегусар
Kaluga 1879


unidentified silversmith
Kirill Degusar (assayer) Кирилл Дегусар
Kaluga 1885

c.1850s




1889
Kamenetz-Podolsk
Kamyanets-Podilsky

(Каменец-Подольск)

Located in Ukraine. The double headed imperial eagle with crown, used until c.1880. This mark is often confused with those of Warsaw & Minsk. Circa 1880 the cross and sun came into use.


County Arms

unidentified silversmith
Jozef Vakar (assayer) Иозеф Вакар
Kamenetz-Podolsk 1858


unidentified silversmith
Andrey Sarapultsev (assayer) А.Сарапульцев
Kamenetz-Podolsk 1860


N. Fayngold (silversmith) Н. Файнгольд
Kamenetz-Podolsk 1889

1881



1882
Kaunas / Kovno
(Каунас / Ковно)

Located in Lithuania. Postnikova-Loseva illustrates the marks at left for the town of Simbirsk, however items consistently appear carrying this mark alongside Kaunas assayers and makers.


Kaunas Arms

Leizer Scheinker (silversmith) Л. Шеинкеръ
Konstantin Kolpakov (assayer) К. Колпаков
Kaunas 1881


unidentied silversmith
Konstantin Kolpakov (assayer) К. Колпаков
Kaunas 1882


M. Ассъ (silversmith) M. Ass (Asche)
unidentified assayer
Kaunas 1897

2nd half 18th C.



1763



late 19th C.
Kazan
(Казань)

Located in Republic of Tatarstan. The Zilant, a mythical winged snake was
used as the town mark from the mid 18th century.




Kazan Arms

Spiridon Rukavishnikov (assayer) С. Рукавишников
Kazan 1763


unidentified silversmith
S. Shebanov (assayer) С. Шебанов
Kazan 1885


Fyodor Kozlov (silversmith) Федор Козлов
S. Shebanov (assayer) С. Шебанов
Kazan 1885

until 1777


late 19th C.
Kiev
(Киев)

Located in Ukraine. "Kiov" in oval or heart cartouche used as the town mark in the 18th century. Variations of the Archangel Michael, wielding a flaming sword, were used 1778-1896.



Kiev Arms

unidentified silversmith
A. Vyrzhikovsky (assayer) А. Выржиковский
Kiev 1888




I.E. Zaviyanov (silversmith) И.Е. Завиянов
Stakhy Orlov (assayer) Стахий Орлов
Kiev 1894
Sources:

   Золотое и серебряное дело XV-ХХ вв - M.M. Postnikova-Loseva, Ivanova, Uljanova; Nauka, 1983
   Russian Gold and Silver - Alexander von Solodkoff; Trefoil Books, 1981
   Russian Silver - Andrei Gilodo; Beresta Moscow, 1993
   Znaki srebra do lat 40. dwudziestego wieku w Polsce - Sławomir Bołdok; Mako Press, 2005
   925-1000.com Silver Marks Forum - various member posts, 2005-2013

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British Hallmarks Explained
Dutch Hallmarks
German Hallmarks
French Hallmarks
Austrian Hallmarks
Danish Hallmarks
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Finnish Hallmarks
Norwegian Makers
David-Andersen Marks
Georg Jensen Marks

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