Online Encyclopedia of Silver Marks, Hallmarks & Makers' Marks
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Silver Marks ~ Germany ~ Before 1886

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Assay marks for silver purity found on German and Prussian silver of the 18th & 19th centuries.

The Lot system divided silver into 16 parts
16/16 = pure silver     •     15 lot =.937 14 lot =.875 13 lot =.812 12 lot =.750
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German City Marks ~ Before 1886

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German
Hallmarks

Post-1886
The Arms of a city often reflected the imagery used in its town mark, where this was the case, an image of the city's arms is included for comparison.


IlmenauTown MarkIlmenau Arms Ilmenau City Mark
Thuringia
Mark depicts a cockerel.
KarlsruheTown Markkarlsruhe Arms Karlsruhe City Mark
Baden-Württemberg
The diagonal emblazon is sometimes seen across a shield form, rather than the oval illustrated here.
Kassel Town Mark

Kassel Town MarkCassel Town Markkassel Arms
Kassel City Mark
Hesse
The shield form evolved into a circle in the latter eighteenth century and a letter (indicating assayer) was added below. The fourth example was used after c.1850.
Kiel Town Markkiel Arms Kiel City Mark
Schleswig-Holstein
Stylized nettle leaf, similar marks were used by a number of other cities also located within the Schleswig-Holstein region.
konigsberg ArmsKoenigsbergTown Markkonigsberg Arms Königsberg City Mark
Prussia
Illustrated are19th century examples, earlier versions lacked the standard (loth) number. Koenigsberg is now the Kaliningrad Oblast of the Russian Federation, located between Poland and Lithuania.
Leipzig Town Mark Leipzig City Mark
Saxony
Variations on the crossed swords and L were used from the early 18th century through the late 19th century.
Liegnitz Town MarkLiegnitz Town Markliegnitz Arms Liegnitz City Mark
Prussia
Variations on the crossed keys were used 16th century through 18th century. Now Legnica in Poland
lubeck ArmsLubeck Town Mark Lubeck City Mark
Schleswig-Holstein
Variations on the double headed eagle were used from ca.1500 through the 18th century.
Luneburg Town Mark Lüneburg City Mark
Lower Saxony
The crescent moon used from the early 19th century, previously a lion rampant mark had been used. The letter E is an assay master's mark.
Magdeburg MarkMagdeburg town silver markmagdeburg Arms Magdeburg City Mark
Saxony-Anhalt
Variations the "St. Catherine between towers" mark were used from the 16th and into the 19th century.
Mainz Wheel MarkMainz town silver mark mainz Arms Mainz City Mark
Rhineland-Palatinate
Variations on this wheel symbol were used from the 16th through late 19th century. Usually without the crown at the top. The city of Mulhouse also used a wheel, however it is a gear wheel with toothed edges.
Munden Silver Mark Münden City Mark
Hannover
19th century example.
Related Pages at 925-1000.com:
German Hallmarks after-1886
Hanau Pseudo-Marks
Hamburg Makers' Marks
World Hallmarks
British Hallmarks Explained
Dutch Hallmarks
French Hallmarks
Austrian Hallmarks
Swedish Hallmarks
Finnish Hallmarks
Norwegian Makers
David-Andersen Marks
Georg Jensen Marks
Mexican Silver Marks

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